Weapons

Without a doubt, weapons number among adventurers' most coveted possessions. Whether weapons are used as tools to lay foul monsters low, as the medium for magical enhancements, or as outlets for a host of fundamental class abilities, few heroes head into the field without their favorite—or perhaps even a whole arsenal of their favorites. This section presents all manner of nonmagical weapons for PCs to purchase and put to use, whatever their adventures might entail. The weapons presented here should be relatively easy to find and purchase in most towns and cities, although GMs might wish to restrict the availability of some of the more expensive and exotic items.

All weapons deal hit point damage. This damage is subtracted from the current hit points of any creature struck by the weapon. When the result of the die roll to make an attack is a natural 20 (that is, the die actually shows a 20), this is known as a critical threat (although some weapons can score a critical threat on a roll of less than 20). If a critical threat is scored, another attack roll is made, using the same modifiers as the original attack roll. If this second attack roll exceeds the target's AC, the hit becomes a critical hit, dealing additional damage.

Weapons are grouped into several interlocking sets of categories. These categories pertain to what training is needed to become proficient in a weapon's use (simple, martial, or exotic), the weapon's usefulness either in close combat (melee) or at a distance (ranged, which includes both thrown and projectile weapons), its relative encumbrance (light, one-handed, or two-handed), and its size (Small, Medium, or Large).

Simple, Martial, and Exotic Weapons: Most character classes are proficient with all simple weapons. Combat-oriented classes such as barbarians, cavaliers, and fighters are proficient with all simple and all martial weapons. Characters of other classes are proficient with an assortment of simple weapons and possibly some martial or even exotic weapons. All characters are proficient with unarmed strikes and any natural weapons they gain from their race. A character who uses a weapon with which he is not proficient takes a –4 penalty on attack rolls with that weapon.

Melee and Ranged Weapons: Melee weapons are used for making melee attacks, though some can be thrown as well. Ranged weapons include thrown weapons or projectile weapons that are not effective in melee.
Reach Weapons: Glaives, guisarmes, lances, longspears, ranseurs, and whips are examples of reach weapons. A reach weapon is a melee weapon that allows its wielder to strike at targets that aren't adjacent to him. Most reach weapons double the wielder's natural reach, meaning that a typical Small or Medium wielder of such a weapon can attack a creature 10 feet away, but not a creature in an adjacent square. A typical Large character wielding a reach weapon of the appropriate size can attack a creature 15 or 20 feet away, but not adjacent creatures or creatures up to 10 feet away.

Double Weapons: Dire flails, gnome hooked hammers, and two-bladed swords are examples of double weapons. A character can fight with both ends of a double weapon as if fighting with two weapons, but she incurs all the normal attack penalties associated with two-weapon combat, just as though the character were wielding a one-handed weapon and a light weapon.
The character can also choose to use a double weapon two-handed, attacking with only one end of it. A creature wielding a double weapon in one hand can't use it as a double weapon—only one end of the weapon can be used in any given round.
Thrown Weapons: Daggers, darts, javelins, throwing axes, light hammers, and nets are examples of thrown weapons. The wielder applies his Strength modifier to damage dealt by thrown weapons (except for splash weapons).
It is possible to throw a weapon that isn't designed to be thrown (that is, a melee weapon that doesn't have a numeric entry in the Range column on the following weapon tables), and a character who does so takes a –4 penalty on the attack roll. Throwing a light or one-handed weapon is a standard action, while throwing a two-handed weapon is a full-round action. Regardless of the type of weapon, such an attack scores a threat only on a natural roll of 20 and deals double damage on a critical hit. Such a weapon has a range increment of 10 feet.
Projectile Weapons: Blowguns, crossbows, shortbows, slings, longbows, and halfling sling staves are examples of projectile weapons—weapons that launch ammunition at a target. Most projectile weapons require two hands to use (see specific weapon descriptions). A character cannot apply his Strength modifier on damage rolls with a projectile weapon unless it's a sling or a specially built composite shortbow or composite longbow. If the character has a penalty for low Strength, apply it to damage rolls when she uses a bow or a sling.

Ammunition: Projectile weapons use ammunition, such as arrows for bows, bolts for crossbows, darts for blowguns, or sling bullets for slings and halfling sling staves. When using a bow, a character can draw ammunition as a free action; crossbows and slings require an action for reloading (as noted in their descriptions). Generally speaking, ammunition that hits its target is destroyed or rendered useless, while ammunition that misses has a 50% chance of being destroyed or lost.
Although shuriken are thrown weapons, they are treated as ammunition for the purposes of drawing them and crafting masterwork or otherwise special versions of them, and of what happens to them after they are thrown.

Light, One-Handed, and Two-Handed Melee Weapons: This designation is a measure of how much effort it takes to wield a weapon in combat. It indicates whether a melee weapon, when wielded by a character of the weapon's size category, is considered a light weapon, a one-handed weapon, or a two-handed weapon.
Light: A light weapon is used in one hand. It is easier to use in one's off hand than a one-handed weapon is, and can be used while grappling. Add the wielder's Strength modifier to damage rolls for melee attacks with a light weapon if it's used in the primary hand, or half the wielder's Strength modifier if it's used in the off hand. Using two hands to wield a light weapon gives no advantage on damage; the Strength modifier applies as though the weapon were held in the wielder's primary hand only.
An unarmed strike is always considered a light weapon.
One-Handed: A one-handed weapon can be used in either the primary hand or the off hand. Add the wielder's Strength modifier to damage rolls for melee attacks with a one-handed weapon if it's used in the primary hand, or half his Strength modifier if it's used in the off hand. If a one-handed weapon is wielded with two hands during melee combat, add 1-1/2 times the character's Strength modifier to damage rolls made with that weapon.

Two-Handed: Two hands are required to use a two-handed melee weapon effectively. Apply 1-1/2 times the character's Strength modifier to damage rolls for melee attacks with such a weapon.
Tiny and Large Weapon Damage

Medium Weapon DamageTiny Weapon DamageLarge Weapon Damage
1d21d3
1d311d4
1d41d21d6
1d61d31d8
1d81d42d6
1d101d62d8
1d121d83d6
2d41d42d6
2d61d83d6
2d81d103d8
2d102d64d8
Weapon Size: Every weapon has a size category. This designation indicates the size of the creature for which the weapon was designed. A weapon's size category isn't the same as its size as an object. In general, a light weapon is an object two size categories smaller than the wielder, a one-handed weapon is an object one size category smaller than the wielder, and a two-handed weapon is an object of the same size category as the wielder.
Inappropriately Sized Weapons: A creature can't make optimum use of a weapon that isn't properly sized for it. A cumulative –2 penalty applies on attack rolls for each size category of difference between the size of its intended wielder and the size of its actual wielder. If the creature isn't proficient with the weapon, a –4 nonproficiency penalty also applies.
The measure of how much effort it takes to use a weapon (whether the weapon is designated as a light, one-handed, or two-handed weapon for a particular wielder) is altered by one step for each size category of difference between the wielder's size and the size of the creature for which the weapon was designed. For example, a Small creature wields a Medium one-handed weapon as a two-handed weapon (it still takes the –2 penalty for using an inappropriately sized weapon). If a weapon's designation would be changed to something other than light, one-handed, or two-handed by this alteration, the creature can't wield the weapon at all.

Improvised Weapons: Sometimes objects not crafted to be weapons nonetheless see use in combat—commonly bottles, chair legs, stray femurs, and that sort of thing. Because such objects are not designed for this use, any creature that uses an improvised weapon in combat is considered to be nonproficient with it and takes a –4 penalty on attack rolls made with that object. To determine the size category and appropriate damage for an improvised weapon, compare its relative size and damage potential to the weapon list to find a reasonable match. An improvised weapon scores a critical threat on a natural roll of 20 and deals double damage on a critical hit. An improvised thrown weapon has a range increment of 10 feet.

Weapon Qualities

Price: This value is the weapon's price in gold pieces (gp) or silver pieces (sp). The price includes miscellaneous gear that goes with the weapon, such as a scabbard or quiver.

This price is the same for a Small or Medium version of the weapon. A Large version costs twice the listed price.

Dmg: These columns give the damage dealt by the weapon on a successful hit. The column labeled "Dmg (S)" is for Small weapons. The column labeled "Dmg (M)" is for Medium weapons. If two damage ranges are given in the same column, then the weapon is a double weapon. Use the second damage figure given for the double weapon's extra attack. Table 1–8: Tiny and Large Weapon Damage gives weapon damage values for Tiny and Large weapons.

Critical: The entry in this column notes how the weapon is used with the rules for critical hits. When your character scores a critical hit, roll the damage two, three, or four times, as indicated by its critical multiplier (using all applicable modifiers on each roll), and add all the results together.

Extra damage over and above a weapon's normal damage (such as sneak attack damage or bonus damage from the flaming weapon quality) is not multiplied when you score a critical hit.
×2: The weapon deals double damage on a critical hit. Some weapons deal triple or quadruple damage.

×2/×3: One head of this double weapon deals double damage on a critical hit. The other head deals triple damage. Some double weapons' heads deal triple and quadruple damage on a critical hit.

19–20/×2: The weapon scores a threat on a natural roll of 19 or 20 (instead of just 20) and deals double damage on a critical hit. Some weapons score a threat on a natural 18 as well, or deal triple instead of double damage on a critical hit.
Range: Any attack at more than this distance is penalized for range. Beyond this range, the attack takes a cumulative –2 penalty for each full range increment (or fraction thereof) of distance to the target. For example, a dagger (with a range of 10 feet) thrown at a target that is 25 feet away would incur a –4 penalty. A thrown weapon has a maximum range of five range increments. A projectile weapon can shoot up to 10 range increments.

Weight: This column gives the weight of a Medium version of the weapon. Halve this number for Small weapons; double it for Large weapons. Some weapons have a special weight. See the weapon's description for details.

Type: Weapons are classified according to the type of damage they deal: B for bludgeoning, P for piercing, or S for slashing. Some monsters may be resistant or immune to attacks from certain types of weapons.

Some weapons deal damage of multiple types. If a weapon causes two types of damage, the type it deals is not half one type and half another; rather, all damage caused is considered to be of both types. Therefore, a creature would have to be immune to both types of damage to ignore any of the damage caused by such a weapon.

In other cases, a weapon can deal either of two types of damage. In a situation where the damage type is significant, the wielder can choose which type of damage to deal with such a weapon. For example, the damage caused by a dagger depends on whether the wielder is thrusting to deal piercing damage or slicing to deal slashing damage.
Special: Some weapons have special features in addition to those noted in their descriptions.
Blocking: When you use this weapon to fight defensively, you gain a +1 shield bonus to AC.

Brace: If you use a readied action to set a brace weapon against a charge, you deal double damage on a successful hit against a charging creature.

Deadly: When you use this weapon to deliver a coup de grace, it gains a +4 bonus to damage when calculating the DC of the Fortitude saving throw to see whether the target of the coup de grace dies from the attack. The bonus is not added to the actual damage of the coup de grace attack.

Disarm: When you use this weapon, you get a +2 bonus on combat maneuver checks to disarm an enemy.

Distracting: You gain a +2 bonus on Bluff skill checks to feint in combat while wielding this weapon.

Double: You can use a double weapon to fight as if fighting with two weapons, but if you do, you incur all the normal attack penalties associated with fighting with two weapons, just as if you were using a one-handed weapon and a light weapon. You can choose to wield one end of a double weapon two-handed, but it cannot be used as a double weapon when wielded in this way—only one end of the weapon can be used in any given round.

Fragile: Fragile weapons cannot take the beating that sturdier weapons can. A fragile weapon gains the broken condition if the wielder rolls a natural 1 on an attack roll with the weapon. If a fragile weapon is already broken, the roll of a natural 1 destroys it instead. Masterwork and magical fragile weapons lack these flaws unless otherwise noted in the item description.
If a weapon gains the broken condition in this way, that weapon is considered to have taken damage equal to half its hit points +1. This damage is repaired either by something that addresses the effect that granted the weapon the broken condition (like quick clear in the case of firearm misfires or the Field Repair feat) or by the repair methods described in the broken condition. When an effect that grants the broken condition is removed, the weapon regains the hit points it lost when the broken condition was applied. Damage done by an attack against a weapon (such as from a sunder combat maneuver) cannot be repaired by an effect that removes the broken condition.
Grapple: On a successful critical hit with a weapon of this type, you can attempt a combat maneuver check to grapple your opponent as a free action. This grapple attempt does not provoke an attack of opportunity from the creature you are attempting to grapple if that creature is not threatening you. While you grapple the creature using a grappling weapon, you can only move or damage the creature on your turn. You are still considered grappled, though you do not have to be adjacent to the creature to continue the grapple. If you move far enough away that the creature you're grappling is no longer within the weapon's reach, you end the grapple with that action.

Monk: A monk weapon can be used by a monk to perform a flurry of blows.

Nonlethal: These weapons deal nonlethal damage.

Performance: When wielding this weapon, if an attack or combat maneuver made with this weapon prompts a performance combat check, you gain a +2 bonus on that check.

Reach: You can use a reach weapon to strike opponents 10 feet away, but you can't use it against an adjacent foe.

Trip: When you use a trip weapon to make a trip attack, if you are tripped during your own trip attempt, you can drop the weapon to avoid being tripped.

Masterwork Weapons

A masterwork weapon is a finely crafted version of a normal weapon. Wielding it provides a +1 enhancement bonus on attack rolls.

Without using magic, you can't add the masterwork quality to a weapon after it is created; it must be crafted as a masterwork weapon (see the Craft skill). The masterwork transformation spell transforms a non-masterwork weapon into a masterwork weapon.

The masterwork quality adds 300 gp to the cost of a normal weapon (or 6 gp to the cost of a single unit of ammunition). Adding the masterwork quality to a double weapon costs twice the normal increase (+600 gp).

Masterwork ammunition is damaged (and effectively destroyed) when used. The enhancement bonus of masterwork ammunition does not stack with any enhancement bonus of the projectile weapon firing it.

All magic weapons are automatically considered to be of masterwork quality. The enhancement bonus granted by the masterwork quality doesn't stack with the enhancement bonus provided by the weapon's magic.

Even though some types of armor and shields can be used as weapons, you can't create a masterwork version of such an item that confers an enhancement bonus on attack rolls. Instead, masterwork armor and shields have lessened armor check penalties.

Weapon Descriptions

Weapons in this section are listed alphabetically by their full names. A few weapons had their names altered to be consistent with how other weapons are named; for example: "flail" and "heavy flail," are now called "light flail" and "heavy flail."
Simple Weapons
NamePriceDmg (S)Dmg (M)CriticalRangeWeightTypeSpecial
Unarmed strike1d21d3×2BNonlethal
Light Melee Weapons
NamePriceDmg (S)Dmg (M)CriticalRangeWeightTypeSpecial
Battle aspergillum5 gp1d41d6×24 lbs.BSee text
Brass knuckles1 gp1d21d3×21 lb.BMonk, see text
Cestus5 gp1d31d419–20/×21 lb.B or PMonk, see text
Dagger2 gp1d31d419–20/×210 ft.1 lb.P or S
Gauntlet2 gp1d21d3×21 lb.B
Light mace5 gp1d41d6×24 lbs.B
Punching dagger2 gp1d31d4×31 lb.P
Sickle6 gp1d41d6×22 lbs.STrip
Spiked gauntlet5 gp1d31d4×21 lb.P
Wooden stake1d31d4×210 ft.1 lb.P
One-Handed Melee Weapons
NamePriceDmg (S)Dmg (M)CriticalRangeWeightTypeSpecial
Club1d41d6×210 ft.3 lbs.B
Heavy mace12 gp1d61d8×28 lbs.B
Mere club2 gp1d31d4×22 lbs.B or PFragile
Morningstar8 gp1d61d8×26 lbs.B and P
Shortspear1 gp1d41d6×220 ft.3 lbs.P
Two-Handed Melee Weapons
NamePriceDmg (S)Dmg (M)CriticalRangeWeightTypeSpecial
Bayonet5 gp1d41d6×21 lb.P
Boar spear5 gp1d61d8×28 lbs.PBrace, see text
Longspear5 gp1d61d8×39 lbs.PBrace, reach
Quarterstaff1d4/1d41d6/1d6×24 lbs.BDouble, monk
Spear2 gp1d61d8×320 ft.6 lbs.PBrace
Ranged Weapons
NamePriceDmg (S)Dmg (M)CriticalRangeWeightTypeSpecial
Blowgun2 gp11d2×220 ft.1 lb.P
Dart5 sp1d31d4×220 ft.1/2 lb.P
Heavy crossbow50 gp1d81d1019–20/×2120 ft.8 lbs.P
Javelin1 gp1d41d6×230 ft.2 lbs.P
Light crossbow35 gp1d61d819–20/×280 ft.4 lbs.P
Sling1d31d4×250 ft.B
Underwater heavy crossbow100 gp1d81d1019–20/×2120 ft.8 lbs.P
Underwater light crossbow70 gp1d61d819–20/×280 ft.4 lbs.P
Martial Weapons
Light Melee Weapons
NamePriceDmg (S)Dmg (M)CriticalRangeWeightTypeSpecial
Butterfly sword (2)20 gp1d31d419–20/×21 lb.SMonk
Dogslicer8 gp1d41d619–20/×21 lb.SFragile
Gladius15 gp1d41d619–20/×23 lbs.P or SPerformance
Handaxe6 gp1d41d6×33 lbs.S
Iron brush2 gp1d21d3×210 ft.P
Jutte8 gp1d41d6×21 lb.BDisarm, monk
Kerambit2 gp1d21d3×3S
Kukri8 gp1d31d418–20/×22 lbs.S
Light hammer1 gp1d31d4×220 ft.2 lbs.B
Light pick4 gp1d31d4×43 lbs.P
Light shield9 gp1d21d3×2SpecialB
Lungchuan tamo5 gp1d31d4×210 ft.1 lb.P or SMonk
Sap1 gp1d41d6×22 lbs.BNonlethal
Shang gou6 gp1d31d4×21 lb.SDisarm or trip, monk
Shortsword10 gp1d41d619–20/×22 lbs.P
Spiked armor+50 gp1d41d6×2SpecialP
Spiked light shield+50 gp1d31d4×2SpecialP
Starknife24 gp1d31d4×320 ft.3 lbs.P
Throwing axe8 gp1d41d6×210 ft.2 lbs.S
Tonfa1 gp1d41d6×21 lb.BBlocking, monk
Wushu dart2 sp1d21d3×210 ft.PMonk
One-Handed Melee Weapons
NamePriceDmg (S)Dmg (M)CriticalRangeWeightTypeSpecial
Battleaxe10 gp1d61d8×36 lbs.S
Double chicken saber12 gp1d41d619–20/×23 lbs.SDisarm, monk
Heavy pick8 gp1d41d6×46 lbs.P
Heavy shield7 gp/20 gp1d31d4×2SpecialB
Klar12 gp1d41d6×26 lbs.SSee text
Light flail8 gp1d61d8×25 lbs.BDisarm, trip
Longsword15 gp1d61d819–20/×24 lbs.S
Nine-ring broadsword15 gp1d61d8×34 lbs.SMonk
Rapier20 gp1d41d618–20/×22 lbs.P
Scimitar15 gp1d41d618–20/×24 lbs.S
Scizore20 gp1d81d10×23 lbs.PPerformance
Sibat2 gp1d41d6×310 ft.2 lbs.P or SGrapple
Spiked heavy shield57 gp/70 gp1d41d6×2SpecialP
Sword cane45 gp1d41d6×24 lbs.P
Terbutje5 gp1d61d819–20/×22 lbs.SFragile
Trident15 gp1d61d8×210 ft.4 lbs.PBrace
Warhammer12 gp1d61d8×35 lbs.B
Two-Handed Melee Weapons
NamePriceDmg (S)Dmg (M)CriticalRangeWeightTypeSpecial
Bardiche13 gp1d81d1019–20/×214 lbs.SBrace, reach, see text
Bec de corbin15 gp1d81d10×312 lbs.B or PBrace, reach, see text
Bill11 gp1d61d8×311 lbs.SBrace, disarm, reach, see text
Earth breaker40 gp1d102d6×314 lbs.B
Falchion75 gp1d62d418–20/×28 lbs.S
Glaive8 gp1d81d10×310 lbs.SReach
Glaive-guisarme12 gp1d81d10×310 lbs.SBrace, reach, see text
Greataxe20 gp1d101d12×312 lbs.S
Greatclub5 gp1d81d10×28 lbs.B
Greatsword50 gp1d102d619–20/×28 lbs.S
Guisarme9 gp1d62d4×312 lbs.SReach, trip
Halberd10 gp1d81d10×312 lbs.P or SBrace, trip
Heavy flail15 gp1d81d1019–20/×210 lbs.BDisarm, trip
Hooked lance3 gp1d61d8×410 lbs.PReach, trip
Horsechopper10 gp1d81d10×312 lbs.P or SReach, trip
Lance10 gp1d61d8×310 lbs.PReach
Lucerne hammer15 gp1d101d12×212 lbs.B or PBrace, reach, see text
Mattock12 gp1d62d4×412 lbs.PFragile
Monk's spade20 gp1d4/1d41d6/1d6×212 lbs.B or P or SDouble, monk
Naginata35 gp1d61d8×49 lbs.SReach
Nodachi60 gp1d81d1018–20/×28 lbs.S or PBrace
Ogre hook24 gp1d81d10×310 lbs.PTrip
Ranseur10 gp1d62d4×312 lbs.PDisarm, reach
Rhomphaia15 gp1d62d4×310 lbs.P or SBrace, fragile, reach
Sansetsukon8 gp1d81d1019–20/×23 lbs.BBlocking, disarm, monk
Scythe18 gp1d62d4×410 lbs.P or STrip
Tepoztopilli8 gp1d81d1019–20/×28 lbs.P or SFragile, reach
Tiger fork5 gp1d61d8×28 lbs.PBrace, monk
Tri-point double-edged sword12 gp1d81d10×314 lbs.PReach
Ranged Weapons
NamePriceDmg (S)Dmg (M)CriticalRangeWeightTypeSpecial
Amentum1d41d6×250 ft.1 lb.PPerformance
Atlatl2 gp1d41d6×250 ft.2 lbs.P
Chakram1 gp1d61d8×230 ft.1 lb.S
Composite longbow100 gp1d61d8×3110 ft.3 lbs.P
Composite shortbow75 gp1d41d6×370 ft.2 lbs.P
Hunga munga4 gp1d41d6×215 ft.3 lbs.P
Longbow75 gp1d61d8×3100 ft.3 lbs.P
Pilum5 gp1d61d8×220 ft.4 lbs.PSee text
Poisoned sand tube1 gpSpecialSpecial1 lb.See text
Shortbow30 gp1d41d6×360 ft.2 lbs.P
Tube arrow shooter3 gp1d31d4×240 ft.1/2 lb.P
Exotic Weapons
Light Melee Weapons
NamePriceDmg (S)Dmg (M)CriticalRangeWeightTypeSpecial
Aklys5 gp1d61d8×220 ft.2 lbs.BPerformance, trip
Dan bong1 sp1d21d319–20/×210 ft.BBlocking, monk, see text
Emei piercer3 gp1d21d319–20/×2PSee text
Fighting fan5 gp1d31d4×3PDistracting, monk
Kama2 gp1d41d6×22 lbs.SMonk, trip
Knuckle axe9 gp1d41d6×32 lbs.SMonk, performance
Madu (leather/steel)40 gp/50 gp1d31d4×25 lbs./6 lbs.PPerformance
Nunchaku2 gp1d41d6×22 lbs.BDisarm, monk
Pata14 gp1d41d6×33 lbs.PPerformance
Quadrens8 gp1d41d619–20/×22 lbs.PPerformance
Sai1 gp1d31d4×21 lb.BDisarm, monk
Scorpion whip5 gp1d31d4×23 lbs.SPerformance
Siangham3 gp1d41d6×21 lb.PMonk
Sica10 gp1d41d6×22 lbs.SPerformance
Swordbreaker dagger10 gp1d31d4×23 lbs.SDisarm, see text
Tekko-kagi2 gp1d21d3×2PDisarm, see text
Wakizashi35 gp1d41d618–20/×22 lbs.P or SDeadly
One-Handed Melee Weapons
NamePriceDmg (S)Dmg (M)CriticalRangeWeightTypeSpecial
Bastard sword35 gp1d81d1019–20/×26 lbs.S
Dwarven waraxe30 gp1d81d10×38 lbs.S
Falcata18 gp1d61d819–20/×34 lbs.S
Great terbutje12 gp1d81d1019–20/×24 lbs.SFragile
Hooked axe20 gp1d61d8×37 lbs.SDisarm, performance, trip
Katana50 gp1d61d818–20/×26 lbs.SDeadly
Khopesh20 gp1d61d819–20/×28 lbs.STrip
Nine-section whip8 gp1d61d819–20/×23 lbs.BBlocking, distracting, monk, trip
Rhoka sword25 gp1d61d818–20/×26 lbs.S
Sawtooth sabre35 gp1d61d819–20/×22 lbs.S
Shotel30 gp1d61d8×33 lbs.PPerformance
Taiaha10 gp1d8/1d41d10/1d6×2/×38 lbs.B or PDouble
Temple sword30 gp1d61d819–20/×23 lbs.SMonk, trip
Urumi30 gp1d61d818–20/×26 lbs.SDistracting
Wahaika3 gp1d41d6×210 ft.3 lbs.BDisarm
Whip1 gp1d21d3×22 lbs.SDisarm, nonlethal, reach, trip
Two-Handed Melee Weapons
NamePriceDmg (S)Dmg (M)CriticalRangeWeightTypeSpecial
Bo staff1 gp1d41d6×23 lbs.BBlocking, double, monk
Chain spear15 gp1d4/1d41d6/1d6×213 lbs.P and STrip
Dire flail90 gp1d6/1d61d8/1d8×210 lbs.BDisarm, double, trip
Double walking stick katana50 gp1d4/1d41d6/1d6×36 lbs.BDouble
Double-chained kama8 gp1d4/1d41d6/1d6×24 lbs.SDouble, monk, reach, trip
Dwarven urgrosh50 gp1d6/1d41d8/1d6×312 lbs.P or SBrace, double
Elven curve blade80 gp1d81d1018–20/×27 lbs.S
Flying blade40 gp1d101d12×312 lbs.SPerformance, reach
Gnome hooked hammer20 gp1d6/1d41d8/1d6×3/×46 lbs.B or PDouble, trip
Harpoon5 gp1d61d8×310 ft.16 lbs.PGrapple, see text
Kusarigama12 gp1d2/1d41d3/1d6×23 lbs.S or BDouble, grapple, monk, reach, trip
Kyoketsu shoge6 gp1d31d4×220 ft.1 lb.S or PDisarm, grapple, monk, reach
Mancatcher15 gp11d210 lbs.PReach, see text
Meteor hammer10 gp1d61d8×210 lbs.BReach, trip
Orc double axe60 gp1d6/1d61d8/1d8×315 lbs.SDouble
Seven-branched sword50 gp1d81d10×37 lbs.SDisarm, monk
Spiked chain25 gp1d62d4×210 lbs.PDisarm, trip
Tetsubo20 gp1d81d10×410 lbs.B
Two-bladed sword100 gp1d6/1d61d8/1d819–20/×210 lbs.SDouble
Ranged Weapons
NamePriceDmg (S)Dmg (M)CriticalRangeWeightTypeSpecial
Bolas5 gp1d31d4×210 ft.2 lbs.BNonlethal, trip
Boomerang3 gp1d41d6×230 ft.3 lbs.BSee text
Double crossbow300 gp1d61d819–20/×280 ft.18 lbs.PSee text
Halfling sling staff20 gp1d61d8×380 ft.3 lbs.B
Hand crossbow100 gp1d31d419–20/×230 ft.2 lbs.P
Kestros1 gp1d61d8×350 ft.1 lb.P
Lasso1 sp5 lbs.See text
Net20 gp10 ft.6 lbs.See text
Repeating hand crossbow800 gp1d31d419–20/×230 ft.4 lbs.P
Repeating heavy crossbow400 gp1d81d1019–20/×2120 ft.12 lbs.P
Repeating light crossbow250 gp1d61d819–20/×280 ft.6 lbs.P
Rope dart1 gp1d31d4×220 ft.PBlocking, distracting, monk
Shuriken (5)1 gp11d2×210 ft.1/2 lb.PMonk
Snag net30 gp10 ft.10 lbs.PTrip, see text
Throwing shield+50 gp1d41d6×220 ft.BPerformance, trip
Ammunition
ItemPriceWeight
Arrows (20)1 gp3 lbs.
Atlatl dart1 gp2 lbs.
Bamboo shaft arrows (10) 1 gp1/2 lb.
Blowgun darts (10)5 sp
Blunt arrows (20)2 gp3 lbs.
Crossbow bolts (10)1 gp1 lb.
Flight arrows (20)2 gp3 lbs.
Kestros dart (10)5 gp5 lbs.
Repeating crossbow bolts (5)1 gp1 lb.
Sling bullets (10)1 sp5 lbs.
Smoke arrow10 gp
Whistling arrows (20)2 gp3 lbs.
Aklys
Price 5 gp; Type exotic
The aklys is a hooked throwing club with a 20-foot-long cord, usually of woven leather; you can retrieve the aklys after throwing it as a move action. The hook allows you to make trip attacks at range. Some aklyses have holes drilled through them and whistle when flung.
Amentum
Price —; Type martial
An amentum is a long leather thong that attaches to a standard javelin. Before throwing, the amentum is wound about the javelin's shaft. You then throw the javelin while gripping the amentum, imparting spin on the weapon and greatly improving its range. Attaching an amentum to a javelin is a move action, and winding it is a full-round action. Javelins can be stored with amenta already wound about them. A javelin wound with an amentum is considered a martial weapon.
Arrows
Price 1 gp (20); Type ammunition
An arrow used as a melee weapon is treated as a light improvised weapon (–4 penalty on attack rolls) and deals damage as a dagger of its size (critical multiplier ×2). Arrows come in a leather quiver that holds 20 arrows.
Atlatl
Price 2 gp; Type martial
This Stone Age weapon is a thin piece of wood or antler used as a lever to hurl a specially fitted dart. An atlatl gives much greater range to a dart, but must be loaded like a projectile weapon. Your Strength modifier applies to damage rolls when you use an atlatl, just as it does for thrown weapons. You can fire—but not load—an atlatl with one hand. Loading an atlatl is a move action that requires two hands and provokes attacks of opportunity. The Rapid Reload feat can be taken for atlatls, allowing you to load a dart as a free action.
Atlatl Dart
Price 1 gp; Type ammunition
An atlatl dart is the equivalent of a javelin except it has fletching. If thrown without an atlatl, treat it as a javelin.
Bamboo Shaft Arrows
Price 1 gp (10); Type ammunition
These foot-long arrows are used as ammunition for arrow tubes. As an improvised melee weapon, they deal damage equivalent to that of a spiked gauntlet. They come in a bamboo tube that holds 10 shafts.
Bardiche
Price 13 gp; Type martial
The crescent axe-blade of this polearm is attached to the haft at two points: the center of the blade attaches to a socket at the top of the haft, and the lower point of the blade attaches to a secondary mount point. The blade is often very long, sometimes almost as long as the haft. You gain a +2 bonus to your CMD to resist sunder attempts made against a bardiche.
Bastard Sword
Price 35 gp; Type exotic
A bastard sword is about 4 feet in length, making it too large to use in one hand without special training; thus, it is an exotic weapon. You can use a bastard sword two-handed as a martial weapon.
Battle Aspergillum
Price 5 gp; Type simple
Named for the common aspergillum, a macelike tool used by priests to sprinkle holy water, this light mace has a hollow head and a metal plug closing off the hole through which the head is filled. When the mace strikes a creature, holy water sprinkles out through tiny holes throughout the weapon's head; creatures subject to damage from holy water take 1 point of damage in addition to the normal effect of being struck by the mace (a nonmagical aspergillum can deal holy water damage to an incorporeal creature in this manner, even if the mace itself deals no damage). After 5 hits, the battle aspergillum is empty and needs to be refilled. Filling it with holy water is a standard action that provokes attacks of opportunity (like drinking a potion). A filled aspergillum is normally carried upright, to prevent the holy water from leaking out as the weapon moves.
Battleaxe
Price 10 gp; Type martial
The handle of this axe is long enough that you can wield it one-handed or two-handed. The head may have one blade or two, with blade shapes ranging from half-moons to squared edges like narrower versions of woodcutting axes. The wooden haft may be protected and strengthened with metal bands called langets.
Bayonet
Price 5 gp; Type simple
Bayonets are close combat weapons designed to fit into the grooves or muzzles of crossbows and firearms. They allow you to make melee attacks with these weapons but render them temporarily useless as ranged weapons. Attaching or removing a bayonet is a move action.
Bec de Corbin
Price 15 gp; Type martial
The bec de corbin is a polearm very similar to the lucerne hammer, but the hammer head is slightly blunter and the spike is stouter and more hooked. You primarily attack with the spike. You gain a +2 bonus on combat maneuver checks to sunder medium or heavy armor with a bec de corbin.
Bill
Price 11 gp; Type martial
The blade of this polearm is a curved or hooked chopping blade with a spiked projection on the back of the blade. The spike is commonly used to block and parry. When fighting defensively or with full defense, this weapon gives you a +1 shield bonus to AC. A mounted opponent hit by a bill takes a –1 penalty on his Ride check to stay mounted.
Blowgun
Price 2 gp; Type simple
Blowguns are generally used to deliver debilitating (but rarely fatal) poisons from a distance. They are nearly silent when fired. For a list of appropriate poisons, see Poisons.
Blowgun Darts
Price 5 sp (10); Type ammunition
The thin, light darts used in a blowgun are usually made of hardwood with a stabilizing fletching of down or fur. A dart is usually loaded from the back end just before firing.
Blunt Arrows
Price 2 gp (20); Type ammunition
These arrows have rounded wooden tips that deal bludgeoning damage rather than piercing. An archer can use a blunt arrow to deal nonlethal damage (at the normal –4 attack penalty for using a lethal weapon to deal nonlethal damage).
Bo staff
Price 1 gp; Type exotic
Similar to a quarterstaff, only more slender and tapered at one end, the bo staff is both a defensive device and a weapon.
Boar spear
Price 5 gp; Type simple
This spear has a metal crossbar to protect you against onrushing attackers. If you ready a boar spear against a charge and your attack hits, you gain a +2 shield bonus to your AC against that creature until your next turn.
Bolas
Price 5 gp; Type exotic
A bolas is a pair of wooden, stone, or metal weights connected by a thin rope or cord. You can whirl and throw this weapon to make a ranged trip attack against an opponent. You can't be tripped during your own trip attempt when using a bolas.
Boomerang
Price 3 gp; Type exotic
The boomerang is primarily a hunting tool, but it is not uncommon for these versatile thrown weapons to be carried into battle. A boomerang is made of wood and is flat, with a long haft, a pronounced forward curve, and a sharp backward bend at the head. A hunting boomerang does not fly in a returning path.
Brass Knuckles
Price 1 gp; Type simple
These weapons fit snugly around the knuckles and allow you to deal lethal damage with an unarmed strike. You may hold, but not wield, a weapon or other object in a hand wearing brass knuckles. You may cast a spell with a somatic component while wearing brass knuckles if you make a successful concentration check (DC 10 + the level of the spell you're casting). Monks are proficient with brass knuckles. Brass knuckles can't be disarmed.
Butterfly Swords
Price 20 GP (2); Type martial
These short matching swords come in pairs, cleverly nested together to appear as a single blade. Both weapons can be drawn at the same time, and they can be separated as a free action and wielded in both hands to make wickedly effective chops and slashes. Their thin, broad blades extend just 1 foot in length. A butterfly sword has a hardwood grip covered with braided cord, and a metal D-shaped guard to protect the wielder's hand. The listed price is for a pair of butterfly swords. Masterwork butterfly swords cost 320 gp for the pair. If you add magical enhancement bonuses or properties to a butterfly sword, treat each sword in the pair as a separate weapon (for example, adding a +1 magical enhancement bonus to a pair of masterwork butterfly swords costs 4,000 gp).
Cestus
Price 5 gp; Type simple
The cestus is a glove of leather or thick cloth that covers the wielder from mid-finger to mid-forearm. The close combat weapon is reinforced with metal plates over the fingers and often lined with wicked spikes along the backs of the hands and wrists. While wearing a cestus, you are considered armed and your unarmed attacks deal lethal damage. If you are proficient with a cestus, you can have your unarmed strikes deal bludgeoning or piercing damage. Monks are proficient with the cestus. When using a cestus, your fingers are mostly exposed, allowing you to wield or carry items in that hand, but the constriction of the weapon at your knuckles gives you a –2 penalty on all precision-based tasks involving that hand (such as opening locks). A cestus can't be disarmed.
Chain Spear
Price 15 gp; Type exotic
This vicious weapon is often used in gladiatorial events due to its versatility. The body of the weapon is a standard short spear, primarily used for thrusting. The butt of the spear is fitted with a length of chain, often spiked, with a hook at the end. The hook and chain may be used to make trip attacks. If your trip attack fails by 10 or more, you may drop the chain spear to avoid being knocked prone.
Chakram
Price 1 gp; Type martial
The chakram is a simple, elegant, and highly portable thrown weapon. It is a flat, open-centered metal discus with a sharpened edge. You can wield the chakram as a melee weapon, but it is not designed for such use; you take a –1 penalty on your attack roll with the weapon and must succeed at a DC 15 Reflex save or cut yourself on the blade (half damage, no Strength modifier). You do not need to make this save if wearing heavy armor.
Club
Price —; Type simple
This weapon is usually just a shaped piece of wood, sometimes with a few nails or studs embedded in it.
Composite Longbow
Price 100 gp; Type martial
You need at least two hands to use a bow, regardless of its size. You can use a composite longbow while mounted. All composite bows are made with a particular strength rating (that is, each requires a minimum Strength modifier to use it with proficiency). If your Strength modifier is less than the strength rating of the composite bow, you can't effectively use it, so you take a –2 penalty on attacks with it. The default composite longbow requires a Strength modifier of +0 or higher to use with proficiency. A composite longbow can be made with a high strength rating to take advantage of an above-average Strength score; this feature allows you to add your Strength modifier on damage rolls, up to the maximum bonus indicated for the bow. Each point of Strength bonus granted by the bow adds 100 gp to its cost. If you have a negative modifier due to low Strength, apply it to damage rolls when you use a composite longbow. A composite longbow fires arrows.
For the purposes of Weapon Proficiency and similar feats, a composite longbow is treated as if it were a longbow.
Composite Shortbow
Price 75 gp; Type martial
You need at least two hands to use a bow, regardless of its size. You can use a composite shortbow while mounted. All composite bows are made with a particular strength rating (that is, each requires a minimum Strength modifier to use with proficiency). If your Strength modifier is lower than the strength rating of the composite bow, you can't effectively use it, so you take a –2 penalty on attacks with it. The default composite shortbow requires a Strength modifier of +0 or higher to use with proficiency. A composite shortbow can be made with a high strength rating to take advantage of an above-average Strength score; this feature allows you to add your Strength modifier on damage rolls, up to the maximum bonus indicated for the bow. Each point of Strength bonus granted by the bow adds 75 gp to its cost. you have a negative modifier due to low Strength, apply it to damage rolls when you use a composite shortbow. A composite shortbow fires arrows.
For the purposes of Weapon Proficiency, Weapon Focus, and similar feats, a composite shortbow is treated as if it were a shortbow.
Crossbow Bolts
Price 1 GP (10); Type ammunition
A crossbow bolt used as a melee weapon is treated as a light improvised weapon (–4 penalty on attack rolls) and deals damage as a dagger of its size (critical multiplier ×2). Bolts come in a case or quiver that holds 10 bolts. All crossbows except repeating crossbows use these kinds of crossbow bolts, which are sometimes called "quarrels."
Dagger
Price 2 gp; Type simple
A dagger is a fighting knife. Its blade is usually less than 1 foot long, and can be curved or straight, with one edge or two. Dagger designs vary widely, and can have many different names (such as a thrusting dagger being called a "dirk"). You get a +2 bonus on Sleight of Hand skill checks made to conceal a dagger on your body.
Dan Bong
Price 1 sp; Type exotic
These short, blunt sticks are held in the hands to enhance unarmed martial techniques and secured by a cord looped over the thumb. They provide the wielder with the ability to lock an opponent and target pressure points, granting you a +2 bonus on combat maneuver checks to grapple.
Dart
Price 5 sp; Type simple
This thrown weapon is larger than an arrow and shorter than a javelin, with a weighted tip and a shorter range than a javelin. Most darts are wooden shafts with a thick metal point.
Dire Flail
Price 90 gp; Type exotic
A dire flail consists of two spheres of spiked iron dangling from chains at opposite ends of a long haft. This weapon excels at short but powerful strikes, and is typically swung in a constant churning motion. The wielder of a dire flail must have great strength, both to use the weapon effectively and to keep from tiring out.
Dogslicer
Price 8 gp; Type martial
This short, curved blade was created by goblins, who often drill numerous holes into it in an attempt to reduce its weight. Most dogslicers are sized for Small creatures.
Double Chicken Saber
Price 12 gp; Type martial
The tip of this 3-foot-long, straight-bladed sword is bent into two staggered, opposing sharpened spurs that can be used to pull weapons from an opponent's hands.
Double Crossbow
Price 300 gp; Type exotic
This heavy weapon fires a pair of iron-tipped bolts with a single squeeze of the trigger. Because of its size and weight, you take a –4 penalty on your attack roll if you're proficient with it, or –8 if you're not. If the attack hits, the target takes damage from both bolts. Critical hits, sneak attack damage, and other precision-based damage apply to only the first bolt. Reloading one bolt is a standard action; the Rapid Reload feat reduces this to a move action. Crossbow Mastery allows you to reload both bolts as a move action. A double crossbow fires crossbow bolts.
Double Walking Stick Katana
Price 50 gp; Type exotic
This single case conceals a pair of matched fighting swords perfectly balanced to be wielded as a pair. Despite their name, the blades more closely resemble the shorter wakizashi. When the blades are concealed in their case, this weapon can be used as a quarterstaff.
Double-Chained Kama
Price 8 gp; Type exotic
This weapon comprises a pair of kama connected with an 8-foot length of chain. The wielder can attack as if armed with a single kama in each hand or extend the chain to make a single reach attack. By swinging the chain, the wielder can whip the kama about to disarm or trip opponents. Furthermore, if one of the weapons is dropped, the wielder can retrieve it as a free action by pulling on the chain.
Dwarven Urgrosh
Price 50 gp; Type exotic
A dwarven urgrosh is a double weapon—an axe head and a spear point on opposite ends of a long haft. The urgrosh's axe head is a slashing weapon that deals 1d8 points of damage. Its spear head is a piercing weapon that deals 1d6 points of damage. You can use either head as the primary weapon; the other becomes the off-hand weapon. If you use an urgrosh against a charging character, the spear head is the part of the weapon that deals damage. Dwarves treat dwarven urgroshes as martial weapons.
Dwarven Waraxe
Price 30 gp; Type exotic
A dwarven waraxe has a large, ornate head mounted on a thick handle, making it too large to use in one hand without special training; thus, it is an exotic weapon. A Medium character can use a dwarven waraxe two-handed as a martial weapon, or a Large creature can use it one-handed in the same way. A dwarf treats a dwarven waraxe as a martial weapon even when using it in one hand.
Earth Breaker
Price 40 gp; Type martial
The crude metal of this massive hammer's head ends in multiple blunt spikes that help concentrate the force of a powerful swing down into a smaller, more focused area, allowing it to smash through armor with greater ease. Due to the tremendous size and weight of its head, an earth breaker is poorly balanced, and requires two hands to properly lift and control.
Elven Curve Blade
Price 80 gp; Type exotic
Essentially a longer version of a scimitar, but with a thinner blade, the elven curve blade is exceptionally rare. You receive a +2 circumstance bonus to your CMD whenever a foe attempts to sunder your elven curve blade because of its flexible metal.
You can use the Weapon Finesse feat to apply your Dexterity modifier instead of your Strength modifier on attack rolls with an elven curve blade that is sized for you, even though it isn't a light weapon.
Emei Piercer
Price 3 gp; Type exotic
This weapon is used to augment unarmed martial techniques. It consists of an 8- to 10-inch-long, dual-pointed steel spike set on swivels and mounted on a ring, so that it can be spun around at high speeds when slipped over the wielder's ring finger. The ring prevents the wielder from being disarmed and turns unarmed strikes into piercing attacks.
Falcata
Price 18 gp; Type exotic
This heavy blade has a single sharp edge, concave at the bottom and convex at the top, with a hook-shaped hilt. Its shape distributes the weight to give it the momentum of an axe with the cutting edge of a sword, much like a larger version of a kukri. The hooked hilt is sometimes carved to resemble the head of a horse or bird of prey, and may have a thin chain stretched across its opening, acting as a partial guard for the hand and fingers.
Falchion
Price 75 gp; Type martial
This sword has one curved, sharp edge like a scimitar, with the back edge unsharpened and either flat or slightly curved. Its weight is greater toward the end, making it better for chopping rather than stabbing.
Fighting Fan
Price 5 gp; Type exotic
Made to resemble a courtier's fan, this device consists of silk paper stretched and folded over a folding frame of hardened steel. Folding fans are typically wielded in pairs using a technique that distracts the opponent. The fans sport sharp tips, which can be poisoned. For a list of appropriate poisons, see Poisons.
Flight Arrows
Price 2 GP (20); Type ammunition
These arrows have light shafts and special fletching to give them greater range. A flight arrow's range increment is 20 feet greater with longbows and 10 feet greater with shortbows. They deal damage as if one size category smaller.
Flying Blade
Price 40 gp; Type exotic
A flying blade is a large, crescent-shaped blade anchored to a 10-foot chain. You fight with a flying blade by spinning it about your head or by snapping it toward an opponent. Because the flying blade is a clumsy weapon, you receive a –2 penalty on attack rolls with it, but when you make attacks of opportunity provoked by movement, you receive a +2 bonus on attack rolls instead of the penalty.
Gauntlet
Price 2 gp; Type simple
This metal glove lets you deal lethal damage rather than nonlethal damage with unarmed strikes. A strike with a gauntlet is otherwise considered an unarmed attack. The cost and weight given are for a single gauntlet. Medium and heavy armors (except breastplates) come with gauntlets. Your opponent cannot use a disarm action to disarm you of gauntlets.
Gladius
Price 15 gp; Type martial
The gladius is the favorite sword of gladiators, with a heavier blade than the standard shortsword. Feats and abilities that affect shortswords apply to the gladius.
Glaive
Price 8 gp; Type martial
A glaive is composed of a simple blade mounted on the end of a pole about 7 feet in length.
Glaive-guisarme
Price 12 gp; Type martial
This polearm combines the blade of a glaive with a wicked hook. A mounted opponent hit by a glaive-guisarme takes a –2 penalty on her Ride check to stay mounted.
Gnome Hooked Hammer
Price 20 gp; Type exotic
A gnome hooked hammer is a double weapon—an ingenious tool with a hammer head at one end of its haft and a long, curved pick at the other. The hammer's blunt head is a bludgeoning weapon that deals 1d6 points of damage (critical multiplier ×3). Its hook is a piercing weapon that deals 1d4 points of damage (critical multiplier ×4). You can use either head as the primary weapon. Gnomes treat hooked hammers as martial weapons.
Great Terbutje
Price 12 gp; Type exotic
This Stone Age weapon is a 4-foot-long version of the terbutje. It is too large to use in one hand without special training; thus, it is an exotic weapon. You can use a great terbutje two-handed as a martial weapon.
Greataxe
Price 20 gp; Type martial
This two-handed battle axe is heavy enough that you can't wield it with one hand. The head may have one blade or two, and may be "bearded" (meaning hooked or trailing at the bottom) to increase cleaving power and help pull down enemy shields. The haft is usually 3 to 4 feet long.
Greatclub
Price 5 gp; Type martial
This larger, bulkier version of the common club is heavy enough that you can't wield it with one hand. It may be ornate and carved, reinforced with metal, or a simple branch from a tree. Like simple clubs, greatclubs have many names, such as cudgels, bludgeons, shillelaghs, and more.
Greatsword
Price 50 gp; Type martial
This immense two-handed sword is about 5 feet in length. A greatsword may have a dulled lower blade that can be gripped.
Guisarme
Price 9 gp; Type martial
A guisarme is an 8-foot-long shaft with a blade and a hook mounted at the tip.
Halberd
Price 10 gp; Type martial
A halberd is similar to a 5-foot-long spear, but it also has a small, axelike head mounted near the tip.
Halfling Sling Staff
Price 20 gp; Type exotic
Made from a specially designed sling attached to a short club, a halfling sling staff can be used by a proficient wielder to devastating effect. Your Strength modifier applies to damage rolls when you use a halfling sling staff, just as it does for thrown weapons. You can fire, but not load, a halfling sling staff with one hand. Loading a halfling sling staff is a move action that requires two hands and provokes attacks of opportunity.
A halfling sling staff fires bullets. You can hurl ordinary stones with a halfling sling staff, but stones are not as dense or as round as bullets. Thus, such an attack deals damage as if the weapon were designed for a creature one size category smaller than you and you take a –1 penalty on attack rolls.
A halfling sling staff can be used as a simple weapon that deals bludgeoning damage equal to that of a club of its size. Halflings treat halfling sling staves as martial weapons.
Hand Crossbow
Price 100 gp; Type exotic
You can draw a hand crossbow back by hand. Loading a hand crossbow is a move action that provokes attacks of opportunity. A hand crossbow fires standard crossbow bolts, like those used by light and heavy crossbows.
You can shoot, but not load, a hand crossbow with one hand at no penalty. You can shoot a hand crossbow with each hand, but you take a penalty on attack rolls as if attacking with two light weapons.
Handaxe
Price 6 gp; Type martial
This one-handed axe is short (roughly 1 foot long) and designed for use with one hand. Unlike throwing axes, it is not well balanced for a graceful tumbling motion, and is instead heavier at its head. Tomahawks, war hatchets, and other such names usually refer to hand axes.
Harpoon
Price 5 gp; Type exotic
A harpoon is a barbed spear with an attached rope 50 feet or less in length. Most harpoons have metal points, but some use ivory or are made entirely of wood. If you are proficient with the harpoon, it is a grappling weapon. A harpoon's weight includes 10 pounds for the weight of 50 feet of hemp rope. The weight can be reduced by using shorter or lighter rope. If you are not proficient with a harpoon, treat it like a spear.
Heavy Crossbow
Price 50 gp; Type simple
You draw a heavy crossbow back by turning a small winch. Loading a heavy crossbow is a full-round action that provokes attacks of opportunity. A heavy crossbow fires crossbow bolts.
Normally, operating a heavy crossbow requires two hands. However, you can shoot, but not load, a heavy crossbow with one hand at a –4 penalty on attack rolls. You can shoot a heavy crossbow with each hand, but you take a penalty on attack rolls as if attacking with two one-handed weapons. This penalty is cumulative with the penalty for one-handed firing.
Heavy Flail
Price 15 gp; Type martial
Similar to a light flail, a heavy flail has a larger metal ball and a longer handle.
Heavy Mace
Price 12 gp; Type simple
A heavy mace has a larger head and a longer handle than a light mace.
Heavy Pick
Price 8 gp; Type martial
This variant of the light pick has a longer handle and can be used with one or two hands. It is a common, inexpensive weapon for mounted soldiers since it can be used effectively from horseback.
Heavy Shield
Price 7 GP/20 gp; Type martial
You can bash with a heavy shield instead of using it for defense.
Hooked Axe
Price 20 gp; Type exotic
The hooked end of this axe's blade can be used to disarm foes or pull them off balance. A hooked axe can be used as a martial weapon (in which case it functions like a battleaxe).
Hooked Lance
Price 3 gp; Type martial
This slender, 10-foot-long polearm has an added hook protruding from the head that is used to snag the clothing and armor of opponents. A hooked lance, unlike a lance, can't be wielded in one hand while mounted and doesn't deal extra damage if used while mounted.
Horsechopper
Price 10 gp; Type martial
Crafted by goblins for battling horses, this weapon is essentially a long-handled halberd with an enlarged hook on the blade. Most horsechoppers are sized for Small creatures.
Hunga Munga
Price 4 gp; Type martial
Also called a mambele, danisco, goleyo, njiga, or any of many lesser-known names, this three-bladed dagger is intended for throwing but can be used as a melee weapon. Though the basic three-blade design is most common, hunga mungas can take a wide variety of forms.
Iron Brush
Price 2 gp; Type martial
This is an iron-handled version of a scholar's brush with a sharpened handle. Though it does little damage, it is easily concealed (you gain a +2 bonus on Sleight of Hand checks made to conceal an iron brush on your body) and can be thrown short distances, or used to jab at key nerve clusters and acupuncture points to surprisingly devastating effect.
Javelin
Price 1 gp; Type simple
A javelin is a thin throwing spear . Since it is not designed for melee, you are treated as nonproficient with it and take a –4 penalty on attack rolls if you use a javelin as a melee weapon.
Jutte
Price 8 gp; Type martial
This batonlike weapon is fitted with a metal hook that can be used to block and pin an opponent's weapon. Some variations are tipped with a sharpened metal spike or blade.
Kama
Price 2 gp; Type exotic
Similar to a sickle—and in some regions still used to reap grain—a kama is a short, curved blade attached to a simple handle, usually made of wood. It is sometimes also referred to as a kai, and is frequently used in pairs by martial artists.
Katana
Price 50 gp; Type exotic
Specifically constructed for samurai, katanas employ multiple types of steel combined in a distinctive forging process. The result are swords noted for their wickedly sharp yet slender, gently curved blades, designed to make graceful hacking strokes capable of severing opponents' heads and limbs. Though finely balanced, these blades are difficult to master. Characters can use a katana two-handed as a martial weapon, but must take the Exotic Weapon Proficiency (katana) feat to use it one-handed.
kerambit
Price 2 gp; Type martial
This small, curved pull dagger has a metal loop at the base of its handle, allowing it to be secured with a pinky or worn on a string tied in the hair. While relatively small, the curved blade can create brutal wounds. Easily concealed (you gain a +2 bonus on Sleight of Hand checks made to conceal a kerambit on your body), it is a favorite weapon of ninja and assassins.
Kestros
Price 1 gp; Type exotic
The kestros is an oddly shaped Bronze Age sling used for launching kestros darts. Your Strength modifier applies on damage rolls when you use a kestros, just as it does for thrown weapons. You can fire—but not load—a kestros with one hand. Loading a kestros is a move action that requires two hands and provokes attacks of opportunity. Halflings treat the kestros as a martial weapon.
Kestros Dart
Price 5 gp (10); Type ammunition
This dart, meant to be thrown using a kestros, consists of a heavy metal point about 9 inches long attached to a shaft of wood about 12 inches long, fletched with feathers for stability. If used as a melee weapon, it is a light improvised weapon (–4 penalty on attack rolls) and deals damage as a dagger of its size (critical multiplier ×2). Kestros darts come in a quiver that holds 10 darts.
Khopesh
Price 20 gp; Type exotic
This heavy blade has a convex curve near the end, making its overall shape similar to that of a battleaxe. A typical khopesh is 20 to 24 inches in length. Its curved shape allows the wielder to hook around defenses and trip foes. The elegant shape of a khopesh leads some artisans to cover them in ornate decorations.
Klar
Price 12 gp; Type martial
The traditional form of this tribal weapon is a short metal blade bound to the skull of a large horned lizard, but a skilled smith can craft one entirely out of metal. A traditional klar counts as a light wooden shield with armor spikes; a metal klar counts as a light steel shield with armor spikes.
Knuckle Axe
Price 9 gp; Type exotic
Knuckle axes, usually used in pairs, resemble axe blades mounted on brass knuckles. You may hold, but not wield, a weapon or other object in a hand wearing a knuckle axe. Unlike when wearing brass knuckles, you cannot use a hand wearing a knuckle axe for spellcasting.
Kukri
Price 8 gp; Type martial
A kukri is a curved blade, about 1 foot in length.
Kusarigama
Price 12 gp; Type exotic
This weapon has a single kama or sickle held in the off hand, attached by 10 feet of fine chain to a weighted metal ball. The sickle can be used to make trip attacks, jabs, and blocks, while the ball is whipped around at high speeds and then smashed into the opponent, or used to tangle an opponent's sword or spear, allowing the wielder to then attack with the sickle.
Kyoketsu Shoge
Price 6 gp; Type exotic
This weapon consists of a foot-long double-edged blade, with another smaller, curved hook-blade sticking out the side like a rooster's spur. The blade is strung to a large iron hoop with a 10-foot length of rope. The blade can be used as an off-handed melee weapon or thrown like a dagger, while the rope and circlet can be whipped around and swung at opponents as a bludgeoning reach weapon.
Lance
Price 10 gp; Type martial
A lance deals double damage when used from the back of a charging mount. While mounted, you can wield a lance with one hand.
Lasso
Price 1 sp; Type exotic
This thrown weapon is a length of rope with a simple open knot on one end that allows you entangle a foe like you would using a net. The DC to cast a spell while entangled with a lasso is 10 + the spell level being cast. An entangled creature can slip free with a successful DC 15 Escape Artist check as a full-round action. The lasso has 2 hit points and AC 10, and requires a DC 23 Strength check to break it. On a successful hit, the lasso tightens; to use it again you must spend a standard action sliding the knot to enlarge the loop.
Light Crossbow
Price 35 gp; Type simple
You draw a light crossbow back by pulling a lever. Loading a light crossbow is a move action that provokes attacks of opportunity. A light crossbow fires crossbow bolts.
Normally, operating a light crossbow requires two hands. However, you can shoot, but not load, a light crossbow with one hand at a –2 penalty on attack rolls. You can shoot a light crossbow with each hand, but you take a penalty on attack rolls as if attacking with two light weapons. This penalty is cumulative with the penalty for one-handed firing.
Light Flail
Price 8 gp; Type martial
A light flail consists of a weighted striking end connected to a handle by a sturdy chain. Though often imagined as a ball, sometimes spiked like the head of a morningstar, the head of a light flail can actually take many different shapes, such as short bars. Military flails are sturdier evolutions of agricultural flails, which are used for threshing—beating stacks of grains to separate the useful grains from their husks.
Light Hammer
Price 1 gp; Type martial
A lighter version of a warhammer, this weapon usually has a sleek metal head with one striking surface.
Light Mace
Price 5 gp; Type simple
A mace is made up of an ornate metal head attached to a simple wooden or metal shaft. The mace's head is usually flanged to cause more pain or damage. Some more primitive maces are made with stone bound to a wooden haft with leather straps.
Light Pick
Price 4 gp; Type martial
This weapon, adapted from the pickaxe tool, has a head with a slightly curved, armor-piercing spike and a hammerlike counterweight.
Light Shield
Price varies; Type martial
You can bash with a light shield instead of using it for defense.
Longbow
Price 75 gp; Type martial
At almost 5 feet in height, a longbow is made up of one solid piece of carefully curved wood. You need two hands to use a bow, regardless of its size. A longbow can't be used while mounted. If you have a penalty for low Strength, apply it to damage rolls when you use a longbow. You can apply your Strength modifier to damage rolls when you use a composite longbow, but not a regular longbow. A longbow fires arrows.
Longspear
Price 5 gp; Type simple
A longspear is about 8 feet in length.
Longsword
Price 15 gp; Type martial
This sword is about 3-1/2 feet in length.
Lucerne Hammer
Price 15 gp; Type martial
This polearm has both a pronged hammer head for crushing blows and a spiked head for piercing and peeling armor. The long haft allows the wielder to put amazing force behind the head of this weapon. You gain a +2 bonus on combat maneuver checks to sunder medium or heavy armor with a lucerne hammer.
Lungchuan Tamo
Price 5 gp; Type martial
What seems to be an ordinary baton sheaths a pair of matching slender-bladed daggers—perfectly balanced throwing blades.
Madu
Price 40 GP/50 gp; Type exotic
The madu is a round, light leather shield with two animal horns—usually from an antelope—extending from opposite sides. If you are proficient with the madu, you may use it to fight defensively with a –2 penalty instead of the normal –4, and your attack penalty for using Combat Expertise improves by +1 (minimum –1 penalty). You cannot hold anything else in the hand that bears a madu. If you are not proficient with the it, treat it as a light spiked shield. A madu can't be disarmed. It can be crafted entirely out of metal, but both versions offer the same basic protection and attack benefits, though they respond differently to some spells and effects. A druid can use a leather madu, but not a steel madu.
Mancatcher
Price 15 gp; Type exotic
This polearm consists of two curved metal bands that close around a target when you attack, allowing you to bind an opponent. A mancatcher is built to capture a creature of a particular size category (such as Small or Medium) and doesn't work on creatures of the wrong size. Make a touch attack to hit an opponent and a combat maneuver check to grapple him (without the –4 penalty for not having two hands free); success means you and the target are grappled. Once the target is grappled, you can perform a move or damage grapple action against him. The mancatcher has hardness 10 and 5 hit points; breaking it requires a DC 26 Strength check. If you drop the mancatcher, the target can free himself as a standard action.
Mattock
Price 12 gp; Type martial
A mattock resembles a two-handed pick, but with a chisel-like blade instead of a point.
Mere Club
Price 2 gp; Type simple
A Stone Age weapon traditionally made of carved stone, a mere (MEH-reh) is a short, flat-sided, sharp-pointed club.
Meteor Hammer
Price 10 gp; Type exotic
This weapon consists of one or two spherical weights attached by a 10-foot chain. You whirl the weights and wrap them around an opponent's body. If you succeed at a trip attempt with a meteor hammer, you can drag your opponent 5 feet closer to you rather than knocking her prone. You may use this weapon in two different ways: In meteor mode you use it as a double weapon, while in fortress mode you cannot use it as a double weapon but gain reach and a +1 shield bonus to AC. Switching between these two modes is a free action decided at the start of your turn.
Monk's Spade
Price 20 gp; Type martial
This polearm is a double weapon. One side is fitted with a broad, shovel-like sharpened blade, while the opposite side is fitted with a crescent blade that juts out like a pair of bull's horns. The monk's spade does many types of damage. The type of damage it deals depends on how it is wielded, with the spade side able to bludgeon and slash and the crescent side able to slash and pierce.
Morningstar
Price 8 gp; Type simple
A morningstar is a spiked metal ball affixed to a handle.
Naginata
Price 35 gp; Type martial
The naginata consists of a 6-foot staff affixed to a 2-foot-long, slightly curved, swordlike blade. The shaft is designed to keep the wielder out of reach from swords and shorter weapons.
Net
Price 20 gp; Type exotic
A net is used to entangle enemies. When you throw a net, you make a ranged touch attack against your target. A net's maximum range is 10 feet. If you hit, the target is entangled. An entangled creature takes a –2 penalty on attack rolls and a –4 penalty to Dexterity, can move at only half speed, and cannot charge or run. If you control the trailing rope by succeeding at an opposed Strength check while holding it, the entangled creature can move only within the limits that the rope allows. If the entangled creature attempts to cast a spell, it must succeed at a concentration check with a DC of 15 + the spell's level or be unable to cast the spell.
An entangled creature can escape with a successful DC 20 Escape Artist check (a full-round action). The net has 5 hit points and can be burst with a successful DC 25 Strength check (also a full-round action). A net is useful only against creatures within one size category of you.
A net must be folded to be thrown effectively. The first time you throw your net in a fight, you make a normal ranged touch attack roll. After the net is unfolded, you take a –4 penalty on attack rolls with it. It takes 2 rounds for a proficient user to fold a net and twice that long for a nonproficient one to do so.
Nine-Ring Broadsword
Price 15 gp; Type martial
This broad-bladed weapon has nine heavy rings threaded through its spine, providing additional weight to add to the force of its impressive chopping power.
Nine-Section Whip
Price 8 gp; Type exotic
The nine-section whip consists of steel bars linked together. The final bar is a 6-inch weighted spike. This weapon can be wielded as a single-handed weapon, a two-handed weapon, or in pairs. Nine-section whips often have colored cloth flags attached to the ends to make them easier to control.
Nodachi
Price 60 gp; Type martial
This very long, two-handed weapon has a slender but wickedly sharp 4-foot-long blade at one end. It is predominantly used by ground troops to attack mounted warriors, and can be used to hack riders from their mounts or set to receive a charge.
Nunchaku
Price 2 gp; Type exotic
A nunchaku is made up of two wooden or metal bars connected by a short length of rope or chain.
Ogre Hook
Price 24 gp; Type martial
This large crook of sharpened metal makes it easy to trip and catch fleeing opponents. Invented by ogres, most ogre hooks are Large and crudely fashioned—often from metal torn from previous victims' weapons and armor. Despite their poor workmanship, the rarity and peril involved in getting ogre hooks make such items quite valuable.
Orc Double Axe
Price 60 gp; Type exotic
A cruel weapon with blades placed at opposite ends of a long haft, an orc double axe is a double weapon. Though invented by and traditionally associated with orcs, the double axe can be crafted and wielded by other races as well, though many disdain it for its extreme weight and clumsiness. Because of the blades at either end of the axe, the wielder must hold an orc double axe in the middle of its haft, and utilize a weaving, slashing fighting style more akin to that of a quarterstaff than to that of a greataxe or battleaxe.
Pata
Price 14 gp; Type exotic
An evolution of the punching dagger, the pata is a short sword that ends in a full, fingerless gauntlet hilt. You punch rather than stab with the weapon, allowing you to put more force behind each strike. While wearing a pata, you cannot use that hand for anything else. A pata provides a +10 bonus to your CMD against disarm attempts.
Pilum
Price 5 gp; Type martial
The tip of this heavy javelin is designed to break off and embed itself into a shield once it hits. Like ammunition, a thrown pilum that hits its target is destroyed. If you hit a shield-bearing opponent with a pilum, he loses the AC bonuses from that shield until he takes a standard action to pry the remnants of the pilum from his shield.
Poisoned Sand Tube
Price 1 gp; Type martial
Resembling a slim scroll case made of bamboo or metal, this tube is filled with fine sand that is soaked or coated with inhaled or contact poison. When loaded with 3 doses of these types of poison, you can blow into the tube to disperse the poisoned sand into your enemies' faces in a 15-foot cone. Each creature in the cone is affected as if afflicted with 1 dose of the poison. Even when loaded with unpoisoned sand, the tube lets loose a powerful irritant, and an opponent struck must succeed at a DC 12 Fortitude saving throw or be dazzled for 1 round. Once expended, the tube must be repacked before it can be used again. Repacking a tube requires a full-round action, or a standard action if you have the Rapid Reload feat.
Punching Dagger
Price 2 gp; Type simple
A punching dagger's blade is attached to a horizontal handle that projects out from the fist when held.
Quadrens
Price 8 gp; Type exotic
A quadrens looks similar to a sturdy dagger, but with four spikes mounted in a square pattern in place of a blade. When you score a critical hit with a quadrens, the resulting gaping wound causes 1 point of bleed damage. In addition to punching through hide and armor, the spikes can also be used to snag opponents' blades and twist them out of their grips.
Quarterstaff
Price —; Type simple
A quarterstaff is a simple piece of wood, about 5 feet in length. In battle, it's held with one hand at the butt and the other a quarter of the way up the staff, allowing it to block blows and make quick strikes.
Ranseur
Price 10 gp; Type martial
Similar in appearance to a trident, a ranseur has a single spear at its tip, flanked by a pair of short, curving blades.
Rapier
Price 20 gp; Type martial
You can use the Weapon Finesse feat to apply your Dexterity modifier instead of your Strength modifier to attack rolls with a rapier sized for you, even though it isn't a light weapon. You can't wield a rapier in two hands in order to apply 1-1/2 times your Strength modifier to its damage.
Repeating Crossbow Bolts
Price 1 gp (5); Type ammunition
Bolts for a repeating crossbow are designed to fit the bolt case of a repeating crossbow. They are slightly more expensive than regular crossbow bolts and sold in increments of 5 instead of 10 (to match the capacity of the bolt case).
Repeating Hand Crossbow
Price 800 gp; Type exotic
This weapon functions identically to a repeating heavy crossbow, except its damage, critical, and range values are equivalent to those of a hand crossbow instead.
Repeating Heavy Crossbow
Price 400 gp; Type exotic
The repeating heavy crossbow holds 5 repeating crossbow bolts. As long as it holds bolts, you can reload it by pulling the reloading lever (a free action). Loading a new case of 5 bolts is a full-round action that provokes attacks of opportunity.

You can fire a repeating crossbow with one hand or fire a repeating crossbow in each hand in the same manner as you would a normal crossbow of the same size. However, you must fire the weapon with two hands in order to use the reloading lever, and you must use two hands to load a new case of bolts.
Repeating Light Crossbow
Price 250 gp; Type exotic
This weapon functions identically to a repeating heavy crossbow, except that its damage, critical, and range values are equivalent to those of a light crossbow instead of a heavy crossbow. Its significantly lighter construction and pull make it both more portable and more useful to those who rely on stealth or speed.
Rhoka Sword
Price 25 gp; Type exotic
This sword is used almost exclusively by the life-hating urdefhans (Bestiary 2 276). The sword is the size of a longsword but consists of two serrated blades placed side by side.
Rhomphaia
Price 15 gp; Type martial
This Bronze Age weapon is an early polearm consisting of a long, single-edged blade attached to a sturdy staff, sometimes slightly curved. It serves as both a cutting and a thrusting weapon.
Rope Dart
Price 1 gp; Type exotic
This deceptively complex weapon appears to be nothing more than a 12-foot rope attached to a 6-inch-long, conical metal spike. Similar to a meteor hammer, it can be whirled at great speeds, then aimed to strike and pierce opponents with great reach. Once it strikes, the wielder can quickly retrieve the weapon with a tug of the rope as a free action.
Sai
Price 1 gp; Type exotic
A sai is a metal spike flanked by a pair of prongs used to trap an enemy's weapon. When wielding a sai, you get a +2 bonus on combat maneuver checks to sunder an enemy's weapon. Though pointed, a sai is not usually used for stabbing. Instead, it is used primarily to bludgeon foes, punching with the hilt, or else to catch and disarm weapons between its tines. Sais are often wielded in pairs.
Sansetsukon
Price 8 gp; Type martial
Also called a three-section staff, this weapon is divided into three 2-foot-long segments chained together, allowing the wielder greater flexibility than a normal staff and allowing the weapon to be swung rapidly to create a defensive block, wrap and catch weapons, or harness momentum via a whipping motion for powerful strikes.
Sap
Price 1 gp; Type martial
This weapon consists of a soft wrapping around a hard, dense core, typically a leather sheath around a lead rod. The head is wider than the handle and designed to spread out the force of the blow, making it less likely to draw blood or break bones.
Sawtooth Sabre
Price 35 gp; Type exotic
The signature weapon of certain assassin cults, the sawtooth sabre is a cruelly efficient weapon. You may use a sawtooth sabre as a Martial Weapon (in which case it functions identically to a longsword). If you have the Exotic Weapon Proficiency (sawtooth sabre) feat, for the purpose of two-weapon fighting you can treat it as a light melee weapon; for all other purposes it is one-handed melee weapon.
Scimitar
Price 15 gp; Type martial
This curved sword is shorter than a longsword and longer than a shortsword. Only the outer edge is sharp, and the back is flat, giving the blade a triangular cross-section.
Scizore
Price 20 gp; Type martial
The scizore is a hardened tube that fits over the forearm, ending in a semicircular blade used for devastating bladed punch attacks. The scizore grants a +1 shield bonus to AC, but if you attack with the blade, you lose the AC bonus that round and take a –1 penalty on attack rolls with it. While wearing a scizore, you cannot use that hand for anything else. A scizore provides a +10 bonus to your CMD against being disarmed of your scizore. Donning a scizore is a full-round action.
Scorpion Whip
Price 5 gp; Type exotic
This whip has a series of razor-sharp blades and fangs inset along its tip. It deals lethal damage, even to creatures with armor bonuses. If you are proficient with whips, you can use a scorpion whip as a whip.
Scythe
Price 18 gp; Type martial
This weapon consists of a long wooden shaft with protruding handles and a sharp curved blade set at a right angle. Derived from a farm tool used to mow down crops, a scythe requires two hands to use, and is unwieldy but capable of inflicting grievous wounds. Its connotations as a symbol of death due to its association with reaping also make the scythe a particularly intimidating weapon.
Seven-Branched Sword
Price 50 gp; Type exotic
This unusual sword has a straight 2-foot-long blade with six shorter L-shaped blades protruding from it, three on each side in a staggered pattern. The shorter blades can be used to snag opponents' clothing or armor, or can target weapons in order to disarm them. To snag armor or clothing, the attacker makes a trip attempt. If successful, the victim doesn't fall prone, but instead is snagged and stumbles forward, leaving the victim flat-footed for the remainder of the round.
Shang Gou
Price 6 gp; Type martial
Forged in pairs, these solid metal blades end in curved hooks, while the hand guards are hammered into outward-facing spiked crescents. Both the crescent and the tip of the hilt are sharpened for combat. They can be wielded as single weapons or with two-weapon fighting styles. These weapons gain the disarm special feature when they are used individually. A pair of shang gou can also be formed into a single one-handed weapon to gain the trip special feature.
Shortbow
Price 30 gp; Type martial
A shortbow is made up of one piece of wood about 3 feet in length. You need two hands to use a bow, regardless of its size. You can use a shortbow while mounted. If you have a penalty for low Strength, apply it to damage rolls when you use a shortbow. If you have a bonus for high Strength, you can apply it to damage rolls when you use a composite shortbow, but not a regular shortbow. A shortbow fires arrows.
Shortspear
Price 1 gp; Type simple
A shortspear is about 3 feet in length, making it a suitable thrown weapon.
Shortsword
Price 10 gp; Type martial
Short swords are some of the most common weapons found in any martial society, and thus designs are extremely varied, depending on the region and creator. Most are around 2 feet in length. Their blades can be curved or straight, single- or double-edged, and wide or narrow. Hilts may be ornate or simple, with crossguards, basket hilts, or no guard at all. Such weapons are often used on their own, but can also be paired as a matched set, or used in conjunction with a dagger or longer sword.
Shotel
Price 30 gp; Type exotic
The shotel is a downward-curving sword designed to reach over or around an opponent's shield. You gain a +1 bonus on attack rolls with a shotel against opponents using bucklers, light shields, or heavy shields. The curve of a shotel's blade varies from sword to sword, and some models are double-edged, while others are single-edged, with the back edge able to be braced against a shield for additional power. Shotels are particularly useful for hooking mounted combatants and ripping them from their steeds.
Shuriken
Price 1 GP (5); Type exotic
A shuriken is a small piece of metal with sharpened edges, designed for throwing. A shuriken can't be used as a melee weapon. Although they are thrown weapons, shuriken are treated as ammunition for the purposes of drawing them and crafting masterwork or otherwise special versions of them, and of what happens to them after they are thrown.
Siangham
Price 3 gp; Type exotic
This weapon is a handheld shaft fitted with a pointed tip for stabbing foes. It resembles a (much sturdier) arrow with a grip designed for melee combat.
Sibat
Price 2 gp; Type martial
This weapon is similar to a shortspear with a flexible rattan or bamboo shaft and an elaborately barbed head. The barbs can snag flesh, clothing, or armor to ensnare an enemy.
Sica
Price 10 gp; Type exotic
This blade is a smaller, lighter version of the shotel. You gain a +1 bonus on attack rolls with a sica against opponents using bucklers, light shields, or heavy shields.
Sickle
Price 6 gp; Type simple
Originating as a farming tool used for reaping grain, this one-handed weapon has a blade with a strong curve that can easily catch an opponent's limb or armor. Its blade can be either smooth or serrated, and some fighting sickles are sharpened on both sides near the point, making it easier to hook into an opponent's flesh.
Sling
Price —; Type simple
A sling is little more than a leather cup attached to a pair of strings. Your Strength modifier applies to damage rolls when you use a sling, just as it does for thrown weapons. You can fire, but not load, a sling with one hand. Loading a sling is a move action that requires two hands and provokes attacks of opportunity.

A sling fires sling bullets. You can hurl ordinary stones with a sling, but stones are not as dense or as round as bullets. Thus, such an attack deals damage as if the weapon were designed for a creature one size category smaller than you and you take a –1 penalty on attack rolls.
Sling Bullets
Price 1 sp (10); Type ammunition
Sling bullets are shaped metal balls, designed to be used by a sling or halfling sling staff. Bullets come in a leather pouch that holds 10 bullets.
Smoke Arrow
Price 10 gp; Type ammunition
This arrow is actually a specially-shaped smokestick that can be fired from a bow. It trails smoke as it flies, and creates a 5-foot cube of smoke where it strikes. It otherwise functions like a normal arrow in terms of damage, range, and so on.
Snag Net
Price 30 gp; Type exotic
This short, wide net is covered in barbed loops and slipknots. It works like a typical net, except it has the trip weapon special feature. If you entangle an opponent and hold the trailing rope, on your turn in place of a melee attack you may make a combat maneuver check to trip against that opponent; if you succeed, you may trip your opponent or deal 1 point of piercing damage to it. The concentration DC to cast while entangled in a snag net is 17 + the spell's level. The Escape Artist DC to escape a snag net is 22.
Spear
Price 2 gp; Type simple
A spear is 5 feet in length and can be thrown.
Spiked Armor
Price +50 gp; Type martial
You can outfit your armor with spikes, which can deal damage in a grapple or as a separate attack. See the armor spikes entry under Armor for details. Armor spikes can't be disarmed.
Spiked Chain
Price 25 gp; Type exotic
A spiked chain is about 4 feet in length and covered in wicked barbs. Some have metal hoops to use as handgrips. You can use the Weapon Finesse feat to apply your Dexterity modifier instead of your Strength modifier to attack rolls with a spiked chain sized for you, even though it isn't a light weapon.
Spiked Gauntlet
Price 5 gp; Type simple
This is a gauntlet of thick leather or metal with blades or spikes protruding from above the knuckles, allowing the wearer to stab with the force of a punch. The cost and weight given are for a single gauntlet. An attack with a spiked gauntlet is considered an armed attack. Your opponent cannot disarm you of spiked gauntlets.
Spiked Heavy Shield
Price 57 GP/70 gp; Type martial
Spiked shields are intimidating weapons, and can have a single protruding central spike, razored shield edges, or a whole forest of deadly protrusions. You can bash with a spiked heavy shield instead of using it for defense. A spiked heavy shield can't be disarmed. See the armor spikes entry under Armor for details.
Spiked Light Shield
Price 53 GP/59 gp; Type martial
You can bash with a spiked light shield instead of using it for defense. A spiked light shield can't be disarmed. See the armor spikes entry under Armor for details.
Starknife
Price 24 gp; Type martial
From a central metal ring, four tapering metal blades extend from this weapon like points on a compass rose. By gripping the crossbar that runs through the weapon's open middle, a wielder can strike with it as a deadly melee weapon. Alternatively, by gripping it by the outer rim, a starknife's light, aerodynamic design allows it to be thrown short distances in a manner similar to a chakram.
Sword Cane
Price 45 gp; Type martial
This slender light blade lies within a wooden container that serves as both its scabbard and hiding place. You can draw the blade as a swift action (or a free action if you have the Quick Draw feat). An observer must succeed at a DC 20 Perception check to realize an undrawn sword cane is a weapon rather than a walking stick; the DC decreases to 10 if the observer is able to handle the weapon. You can use the Weapon Finesse feat to apply your Dexterity modifier instead of your Strength modifier to attack rolls with a sword cane sized for you, even though it isn't a light weapon. You can't wield a sword cane in two hands in order to apply 1-1/2 times your Strength modifier to damage.
Swordbreaker Dagger
Price 10 gp; Type exotic
You can use this dagger to disarm or sunder enemy blades by catching them in the grooves on the back of the blade and using your weapon as a lever. If you are proficient with this weapon, add a +4 bonus on combat maneuver checks to disarm or sunder bladed weapons while using it.
Taiaha
Price 10 gp; Type exotic
The Stone Age taiaha is a long, heavy stick, club-shaped at one end and tipped with a wooden or metal spear point at the other. You wield it with a combination of solid strikes with the club and fending motions with the spear. A taiaha can be wielded as a martial weapon that deals 1d8 points of bludgeoning damage (1d6 if Small) and has a ×2 critical.
Tekko-Kagi
Price 2 gp; Type exotic
Also known as an iron claw, this device consists of a fanlike structure of three or more 10-inch blades secured to a sturdy handle strapped to the forearm of the off hand. It can be used as an offensive weapon or defensively like a buckler, or used to disarm an opponent without provoking an attack of opportunity. It provides its owner with a +2 circumstance bonus on attempts to disarm or sunder swords or other slender-bladed weapons.
Temple Sword
Price 30 gp; Type exotic
Heavy blades typically used by guardians of religious sites, temple swords have distinctive crescent-shaped blades, which appear to be an amalgam of sickle and sword. Many have holes drilled into the blade or the pommel so that charms, bells, or other holy trinkets can be attached to reflect the owner's devotion or to serve as foci for prayer or meditation. Monks are proficient with the temple sword.
Tepoztopilli
Price 8 gp; Type martial
The head of this wooden Stone Age polearm is edged with jagged bits of obsidian, glass, teeth, or similar materials. The wide head serves well for both piercing and slashing attacks.
Terbutje
Price 5 gp; Type martial
This Stone Age weapon, also called a macuahuitl, is made from a length of tempered wood. It has bits of shark teeth, obsidian, glass, or similar materials studded all along its length.
Tetsubo
Price 20 gp; Type exotic
A slight improvement over the greatclub, this weapon consists of a long, slender length of wood or metal whose upper half is shod with a thick sheet of studded iron. The iron gives added weight and strength to the club, while the studs are designed to crack helmets and armor.
Throwing axe
Price 8 gp; Type martial
This one-handed axe is small and perfectly balanced for throwing, and can be used as a melee weapon. Throwing axes have a variety of alternative names, including franciscas, tomahawks, and more. The axe is normally gripped by the haft and thrown overhand, making one complete rotation in the air before biting into the target with the axe head.
Throwing Shield
Price +50 gp; Type exotic
This shield is designed for throwing and has specially designed straps that allow you to unclasp and throw it as a free action. Tower shields cannot be throwing shields. Neither a shield's enhancement bonus to AC nor its shield spikes apply on your attack or damage rolls. A throwing shield can't be disarmed.
Tiger Fork
Price 5 gp; Type martial
This long, tridentlike weapon consists of a three-pronged metal fork set upon an 8-foot-long shaft. It is wielded much like a staff, with the wielder grasping the shaft from the center and jabbing with its forked end. A tiger fork can be set to receive a charge.
Tonfa
Price 1 gp; Type martial
These L-shaped fighting batons are good for striking and blocking. The wielder holds the handle and either spins the stick or strikes with the stick covering the forearm.
Trident
Price 15 gp; Type martial
A trident has three metal prongs at end of a 4-foot-long shaft. This weapon can be thrown.
Tri-Point Double-Edged Sword
Price 12 gp; Type martial
Topping the head of this 5-foot-long shaft are three long, backward-curved blades fashioned in the appearance of a blossoming lotus. The unusually large head is designed to land heavy blows and cause multiple wounds that open away from each other.
Tube Arrow Shooter
Price 3 gp; Type martial
This weapon consists of a small metal tube hidden within a sleeve; the tube holds a short, spring-loaded bamboo shaft. You gain a +2 bonus on Sleight of Hand checks made to conceal a tube arrow shooter on your body. Releasing the fastener allows the spring to force the arrow out. Once a shaft is fired, the tube must be reloaded before it can be used again. Reloading a tube is a full-round action, or a standard action if the wielder has the Rapid Reload feat.
Two-Bladed Sword
Price 100 gp; Type exotic
A two-bladed sword is a double weapon—twin blades extend from either side of a central, short haft, allowing the wielder to attack with graceful but deadly flourishes.
Unarmed Strike
Price —; Type simple
An unarmed strike is an attack such as a punch or a kick where the attacker is not using a weapon to make the attack. A Medium character deals 1d3 points of nonlethal damage with an unarmed strike. A Small character deals 1d2 points of nonlethal damage. A monk or any character with the Improved Unarmed Strike feat can deal lethal or nonlethal damage with unarmed strikes at his discretion. The damage from an unarmed strike is considered weapon damage for the purposes of effects that give you a bonus on weapon damage rolls.

An unarmed strike is always considered a light weapon. Therefore, you can use the Weapon Finesse feat to apply your Dexterity modifier instead of your Strength modifier to attack rolls with an unarmed strike. Unarmed strikes do not count as natural weapons. An unarmed strike can't be disarmed.
Underwater Heavy Crossbow
Price 100 gp; Type simple
Above water, this weapon is identical to a heavy crossbow. You may use it underwater, where it has a range increment of 20 feet. It counts as a heavy crossbow for the purposes of proficiencies and special abilities.
Underwater light Crossbow
Price 70 gp; Type simple
An underwater light crossbow functions like its normal counterpart above water, and can be used underwater. When fired underwater, the crossbow has a range increment of 20 feet. Anyone proficient with a normal light crossbow can use an underwater light crossbow.
Urumi
Price 30 gp; Type exotic
Commonly known as a whip sword, this deadly weapon is fashioned from one to four 5-foot-long, razor-sharp blades of flexible steel, almost like a metal cat-o'-nine-tails. The weapon is wielded by whipping the blades at one's opponent. The coiled blade is fine and flexible enough to be worn as a belt, and its wielders often carry the blades wrapped around themselves in this fashion.
Wahaika
Price 3 gp; Type exotic
This short and broad Stone Age club is made of hardened wood or bone. It has a notch on one side that is used for catching weapons. If you are proficient with the weapon, you can use the notch in the wahaika to disarm your foes. Otherwise, treat this weapon as a club. Feats and abilities that affect clubs apply to the wahaika.
Wakizashi
Price 35 gp; Type exotic
These short, slender blades are between 1 to 2 feet long. They are primarily used as back-up weapons, to decapitate defeated enemies, or to commit seppuku (ritual suicide) as a matter of honor. These blades are specifically worn by samurai and are intended to be paired with a katana. Together, this set of blades is referred to as a daisho.
Warhammer
Price 12 gp; Type martial
This weapon consists of a wooden haft and a heavy, metal head. The head may be single (like a carpenter's hammer) or double (like a sledgehammer). The haft is long enough that you may wield it one- or two-handed. Though heavy and relatively slow to wield, warhammers are capable of delivering immense blows, crushing armor and flesh alike.
Whip
Price 1 gp; Type exotic
A whip deals no damage to any creature with an armor bonus of +1 or higher or a natural armor bonus of +3 or higher. The whip is treated as a melee weapon with a 15-foot reach, though you don't threaten the area into which you can make an attack. In addition, unlike most other weapons with reach, you can use it against foes anywhere within your reach (including adjacent foes).

Using a whip provokes an attack of opportunity, just as if you had used a ranged weapon.

You can use the Weapon Finesse feat to apply your Dexterity modifier instead of your Strength modifier to attack rolls with a whip sized for you, even though it isn't a light weapon. You can't wield a whip in two hands in order to apply 1-1/2 times your Strength modifier to damage rolls.
Whistling Arrow
Price 2 gp (20); Type ammunition
These arrows come with specially designed grooves and fletching that cause them to emit a loud keening sound audible within 500 feet of their flight path. They are sold in quantities of 20.
Wooden Stake
Price —; Type simple
This close combat weapon is just a sharpened piece of wood. Iron spikes that are used as weapons deal damage as wooden stakes.
Wushu Dart
Price 1 sp; Type martial
This sharpened wooden spike can be used as a punching weapon, but it is also perfectly balanced for throwing.

Firearms

Firearms
One-Handed Ranged Weapons (Early Firearms)
NamePriceDmg (S)Dmg (M)CriticalRangeMisfireCapacityWeightTypeSpecial
Buckler gun750 gp1d41d6×410 ft.1 (5 ft.)26 lbs.B and P
Coat pistol750 gp1d31d4×310 ft.1 (5 ft.)11 lb.B and P
Dagger pistol740 gp1d31d4×310 ft.1 (5 ft.)11 lb.B and P
Double-barreled pistol1,750 gp1d61d8×420 ft.1–2 (5 ft.)25 lbs.B and P
Dragon pistol1,000 gp1d41d6×420 ft.1–2 (5 ft.)13 lbs.B and PScatter
Pepperbox3,000 gp1d61d8×420 ft.1–2 (5 ft.)65 lbs.B and P
Pistol1,000 gp1d61d8×420 ft.1 (5 ft.)14 lbs.B and P
Sword cane pistol775 gp1d31d4×310 ft.1 (5 ft.)11 lb.B and P
Two-Handed Ranged Weapons (Early Firearms)
NamePriceDmg (S)Dmg (M)CriticalRangeMisfireCapacityWeightTypeSpecial
Axe musket1,600 gp1d61d8×430 ft.1–2 (5 ft.)16 lbs.B and P
Blunderbuss2,000 gp1d61d8×2Special1–2 (10 ft.)18 lbs.B and PScatter
Culverin4,000 gp2d62d8×430 ft.1 (10 ft.)140 lbs.B and PScatter
Double hackbut4,000 gp2d102d12×450 ft.1–2 (5 ft.)218 lbs.B and P
Double-barreled musket2,500 gp1d101d12×410 ft.1–3 (5 ft.)211 lbs.B and P
Fire lance25 gp1d41d6×410 ft.1–4 (5 ft.)14 lbs.P
Musket1,500 gp1d101d12×440 ft.1–2 (5 ft.)19 lbs.B and P
Warhammer musket1,600 gp1d61d8×430 ft.1–2 (5 ft.)16 lbs.B and P
One-Handed Ranged Weapons (Advanced Firearms)
NamePriceDmg (S)Dmg (M)CriticalRangeMisfireCapacityWeightTypeSpecial
Revolver 4,000 gp1d61d8×420 ft.164 lbs.B and P
Two-Handed Ranged Weapons (Advanced Firearms)
NamePriceDmg (S)Dmg (M)CriticalRangeMisfireCapacityWeightTypeSpecial
Double-barreled shotgun7,000 gp1d61d8×220 ft.1–2215 lbs.B and PScatter
Pepperbox rifle7,000 gp1d81d10×480 ft.1–2415 lbs.B and P
Rifle5,000 gp1d81d10×480 ft.1112 lbs.B and P
Shotgun5,000 gp1d61d8×220 ft.1–2112 lbs.B and PScatter
This section presents an anachronistic collection of hand-held black powder weapons suitable for a wide variety of fantasy adventure campaigns. Most of them are single-shot muzzle-loaders with highly inefficient triggering mechanisms—traditional sword and sorcery firearms. More advanced firearms are also presented for those brave enough to mix their fantasy with a technology much closer to that of the Old West than the slow and unstable weapons that gave musketeers their name. Of course, it is the GM's decision whether or not guns of any type are allowed in a campaign.

What follows are additional rules for using firearms.
Firearm Proficiency: The Exotic Weapon Proficiency (firearms) feat allows you to use all firearms without penalty. A nonproficient character takes the standard –4 penalty on attack rolls with firearms, and a nonproficient character who loads a firearm increases all misfire values by 4 for the shots he loads.

Even though the Exotic Weapon Proficiency (firearms) feat grants you proficiency with all firearms, anytime you take a feat that modifies a single type of weapon (such as Weapon Focus or Rapid Reload), you must still pick one specific type of firearm (such as musket, axe musket, blunderbuss, pistol, or double pistol) for that feat to affect.

All firearms are part of the same weapon group for the purposes of the fighter's weapon training class feature.
Firearm Categories: The firearms in this chapter fall into one of two categories: early or advanced firearms.
Early Firearms: Early firearms are typically matchlock, wheellock, or flintlock weapons, and require more finesse and care to use than advanced firearms. Early firearms are muzzle-loaded, requiring a bullet and powder (or other special alchemical substances) to be shoved down the barrel before the weapon is fired. Early firearm ammunition can be loaded from a cartridge, but that cartridge is made of soft material (like paper or cloth) that is torn open so that the contents may be shoved down the barrel.

Advanced Firearms: Advanced firearms are more reliable and accurate than early firearms. The ammunition for an advanced firearm takes the form of metal (usually brass) cartridges that are loaded into a chamber rather than shoved down the muzzle.
Capacity: A firearm's capacity is the number of shots it can hold at one time. When making a full-attack action, you may fire a firearm as many times in a round as you have attacks, up to this limit, unless you can reload the weapon as a swift or free action while making a full-attack action. In the case of early firearms, capacity often indicates the number of barrels a firearm has. In the case of advanced firearms, it typically indicates the number of chambers the weapon has.

Range and Penetration: Armor, whether manufactured or natural, provides little protection against the force of a bullet at short range.
Early Firearms: When firing an early firearm, the attack resolves against the target's touch AC when the target is within the first range increment of the weapon, but this type of attack is not considered a touch attack for the purposes of feats and abilities such as Deadly Aim. At higher range increments, the attack resolves normally, including taking the normal cumulative –2 penalty for each full range increment. Unlike other projectile weapons, early firearms have a maximum range of five range increments.

Advanced Firearms: Advanced firearms resolve their attacks against touch AC when the target is within the first five range increments, but this type of attack is not considered a touch attack for the purposes of feats such as Deadly Aim. At higher range increments, the attack resolves normally, including taking the normal cumulative –2 penalty for each full-range increment. Advanced firearms have a maximum range of 10 range increments.
Loading a Firearm: You need at least one hand free to load one-handed and two-handed firearms. In the case of two-handed firearms, you hold the weapon in one hand and load it with the other—you only need to hold it in two hands to aim and shoot the firearm.

The Rapid Reload feat reduces the time required to load one-handed and two-handed firearms. Loading any firearm provokes attacks of opportunity. Other rules for loading a firearm depend on whether the firearm is an early firearm or an advanced firearm.
Early Firearms: Early firearms are all muzzle-loaded, requiring bullets or pellets and black powder to be rammed down the muzzle. If an early firearm has multiple barrels, each barrel must be loaded separately. It is a standard action to load each barrel of a one-handed early firearm and a full-round action to load each barrel of a two-handed early firearm.

Advanced Firearms: Advanced firearms are chamber-loaded. It is a move action to load a one-handed or two-handed advanced firearm to its full capacity.
Misfires: If the natural result of your attack roll with a firearm is equal to or less than the firearm's misfire value, that shot misses, even if you would have otherwise hit the target. When a firearm misfires, it gains the broken condition. While it has the broken condition, it suffers the normal disadvantages that broken weapons do, and its misfire value increases by 4 unless the wielder has gun training in the particular type of firearm. In that case, the misfire value increases by 2 instead of 4.
Early Firearms: If an early firearm with the broken condition misfires again, it explodes. When a nonmagical firearm explodes, the weapon is destroyed. Magical firearms are wrecked, which means they can't fire until they are fully restored (which requires either the make whole spell or the Gunsmithing feat). When a gun explodes, pick one corner of your square—the explosion creates a burst from that point of origin. Each early firearm has a burst size noted in parentheses after its misfire value. Any creature within this burst (including the firearm's wielder) takes damage as if it had been hit by the weapon—a DC 12 Reflex save halves this damage.

Advanced Firearms: Advanced firearms can misfire, but when they do, they only gain the broken condition. A subsequent misfire does not cause advanced firearms to explode.
Ammunition: Firearm ammunition takes two forms: either black powder and shot (either bullets or pellets) or cartridges. Firearm ammunition is destroyed when it is used. Unlike other types of ammunition, there is no chance to retrieve firearm ammunition that misses. No part of a cartridge can be reused to create new cartridges. Firearm ammunition cannot be treated with poison, unless you are using a pitted bullet.

Firearm Ammunition
ItemPriceWeight
Alchemical cartridge (dragon's breath)40 gp
Alchemical cartridge (entangling shot)40 gp
Alchemical cartridge (flare)10 gp
Alchemical cartridge (paper, bullet or pellet)12 gp
Alchemical cartridge (salt shot)12 gp
Black powder (dose)10 gp
Black powder (keg)1,000 gp5 lbs.
Firearm bullet (1)1 gp
Metal cartridge15 gp
Pellets (handful)1 gp
Pitted bullet5 gp
Concealing Firearms: Like light weapons and hand crossbows, one-handed firearms are easy to conceal on your person. Some smaller firearms (like the coat pistol) can grant bonuses to conceal a weapon on your person.

Bucklers: You can use a one-handed or two-handed firearm without penalty while carrying a buckler.

Fire while Prone: Firearms, like crossbows, can be fired while their wielders are prone.

Firearms, Black Powder, and Water: Black powder becomes useless when exposed to water, but powder horns and cartridges protect black powder from exposure. You cannot normally load an early firearm underwater or fire any firearm underwater without magical aid.

Deflecting and Snatching Bullets: The Deflect Arrows feat and the Snatch Arrows feat can be used to deflect bullets, but not pellets shot from a scatter weapon.

Scatter (Weapon Quality): A weapon with the scatter weapon quality can shoot two different types of ammunition. It can fire normal bullets that target one creature, or it can make a scattering shot, attacking all creatures within a cone. Cannons with the scatter weapon quality only fire grapeshot, unless their descriptions state otherwise. When a scatter weapon attacks all creatures within a cone, it makes a separate attack roll against each creature within the cone. Each attack roll takes a –2 penalty, and its attack damage cannot be modified by precision damage or damage-increasing feats such as Vital Strike. Effects that grant concealment, such as fog or smoke, or the blur, invisibility, or mirror image spells, do not foil a scatter attack. If any of the attack rolls threaten a critical, confirm the critical for that attack roll alone. A firearm that makes a scatter shot misfires only if all of the attack rolls are misfires. If a scatter weapon explodes on a misfire, it deals triple its damage to all creatures within the misfire radius.
Alchemical Cartridge
Alchemical Cartridges
TypePriceWeight
Dragon's breath40 gp
Entangling shot40 gp
Flare10 gp
Paper12 gp
Salt shot12 gp
An alchemical cartridge is a prepared bundle of black powder with a bullet or pellets, sometimes with more exotic material added, which is then wrapped in paper or cloth and sealed with beeswax, lard, or tallow. There are many types of alchemical cartridges, the simplest being the paper cartridge—a simple mix of black powder and either pellets or a bullet. Alchemical cartridges make loading a firearm easier, reducing the time to load a firearm by one step (a full-round action becomes a standard action, a standard action becomes a move action, and a move action becomes a free action), but they tend to be unstable. The misfire value of a weapon firing an alchemical cartridge increases as listed in each entry.

Dragon's Breath Cartridge: This cartridge contains alchemical compounds that, when fired, produce a cone of fire instead of the normal attack of a one-handed or two-handed firearm with the scatter weapon quality. The nonmagical flame deals 2d6 points of fire damage to all targets within the cone of the scatter firearm (DC 15 Reflex save for half). These cartridges cannot be used in firearms that don't have the scatter weapon quality. Because this ammunition forces a saving throw instead of making an attack roll, the misfire rules are slightly different. If you roll a 1 with either of the damage dice, the firearm misfires.

Entangling Shot Cartridge: This mix of black powder and an alchemically treated resin strong enough to survive the shot can only be loaded into a blunderbuss, a dragon pistol, or another scatter weapon. It deals half damage to those hit by a cone attack made with this weapon, but any creature hit by the shot must succeed at a DC 15 Reflex saving throw or become entangled for 2d4 rounds. An entangling shot cartridge increases the firearm's misfire value by 2.

Flare Cartridge: When a flare cartridge hits its target, it deals only half the normal damage, but the creature struck is blinded for 1 round (Fortitude DC 15 reduces this to dazzled), and creatures within a 20-foot burst are dazzled for 1 round (Fortitude DC 15 negates the effect). Flare cartridges are also useful for sending up signal flares. Firing a flare cartridge increases the firearm's misfire value by 2 unless it is fired from a blunderbuss or a dragon pistol, in which case doing so only increases the firearm's misfire value by 1. Flares can be used only to attack single creatures; they do not work as a shot for a scatter weapon's cone attack.

Paper Cartridge: This simple mix of black powder and either pellets or a bullet increases the misfire value by 1.

Salt Shot Cartridge: This mix of black powder and rock salt can only be loaded into a blunderbuss, a dragon pistol, or other scatter weapon. It deals nonlethal instead of lethal damage, and increases the misfire value by 1. You can use it only with a scatter weapon's cone attack.
Axe Musket
Price 1,600 gp; Type early
This short musket features an axe blade at the end of its barrel. It can be used as both a musket and a battleaxe. It is considered a double weapon for the purposes of creating masterwork or magical versions of this weapon. If this firearm gains the broken condition, both the firearm component and the axe are considered broken. An axe musket uses either a bullet and a single dose of black powder or an alchemical cartridge as ammunition. This is an early firearm.
Black Powder
AmountPriceWeight
1 dose10 gp
1 keg1,000 gp5 lbs.
Black powder is the key explosive component within a firearm that enables it to function, but in larger amounts this alchemical material can be quite destructive on its own as well. A single dose of black powder is enough to power a single shot from most one-handed and two-handed firearms, while 10 doses are required to fire a cannon. Black powder is often stored and transported in kegs (which hold 100 doses), but in this quantity the powder itself becomes dangerous. Exposure to fire, electricity, or a misfire explosion causes black powder to explode—a single keg that explodes in this manner deals 5d6 points of fire damage to anyone within a 20-foot burst (DC 15 Reflex half). Storing black powder in a powder horn protects the powder from explosion.
Blunderbuss
Price 2,000 gp; Type early
This weapon fires pellets or a bullet from its trumpet-shaped barrel, making it an effective fowling weapon or close-fighting personal defense weapon. The blunderbuss fires in a 15-foot cone when firing pellets, and has a 10-foot range increment when firing a bullet. A blunderbuss uses a bullet or pellets and a single dose of black powder or a single alchemical cartridge as ammunition. This is an early firearm.
Buckler Gun
Price 750 gp; Type early
The front of this buckler is fitted with a small, double-barreled gun that can be shot while wearing the buckler. Unlike with a double-barreled pistol, you can shoot only one barrel at a time. You must remove the buckler to reload the gun. Each barrel of a buckler gun uses either a bullet and 1 dose of black powder or a single alchemical cartridge as ammunition. Because of its awkward construction, a buckler gun is always considered an off-handed weapon. This is an early firearm.
Coat Pistol
Price 750 gp; Type early
Though less powerful than other, larger firearms, this pistol is small enough to be easily concealed in a jacket or coat. You get a +2 bonus on Sleight of Hand checks made to conceal a coat pistol on your body. A coat pistol uses either a bullet and 1 dose of black powder or a single alchemical cartridge as ammunition. This is an early firearm.
Culverin
Price 4,000 gp; Type early
The culverin, also known as a hand bombard, consists of a simple smoothbore tube, sealed at one end except for a small hole used to ignite a gunpowder charge. A wooden stock partially encases the barrel, allowing you to hold it under your arm with relative ease when carrying it. Firing a culverin without support (such as a wall, a window, or a stand) imposes a –4 penalty on attack rolls, and knocks you prone. A culverin uses 4 doses of black powder and grapeshot (a handful of pellets) as ammunition. Note that these statistics simulate only the original, hand-held culverins—their larger descendants are considered cannons and are dealt with in the siege weapon section of Ultimate Combat. This is an early firearm.
Dagger Pistol
Price 740 gp; Type early
A combination of a coat pistol and a blade, the dagger pistol can be used as both weapons. The awkwardness of the configuration means you do not gain the bonus on Sleight of Hand checks that either of those stand-alone weapons grants. The dagger pistol is considered a double weapon for the purpose of creating masterwork or magical versions of this weapon. If this firearm gains the broken condition, both the firearm component and the dagger component are considered broken. A dagger pistol uses either a bullet and 1 dose of black powder or a single alchemical cartridge as ammunition. This is an early firearm.
Double Hackbut
Price 4,000 gp; Type early
This double-length rifle uses a pair of trunnions to mount its barrel into a swiveling mechanism fastened to the top of a lightweight, two-wheeled carriage. It takes a full-round action to set up the carriage. The carriage has a hind leg, allowing the wielder to wheel the device about and immediately prop it for stability during combat. Unlike other two-handed firearms, you must fire the double hackbut while it is mounted, or else firing it imparts a –4 penalty on attack rolls and the recoil knocks you prone. A Large or larger creature can fire a double hackbut one size smaller than itself without the gun's mounting as a normal two-handed weapon and without the danger of being knocked prone, but takes the normal penalty for firing an inappropriately sized weapon. This is an early firearm.
Double-Barreled Musket
Price 2,500 gp; Type early
This musket has two parallel barrels; each barrel can be shot independently as a separate action, or both can be fired at once as the same attack. If both barrels are fired at once, they must both target the same creature or object, and the gun becomes wildly inaccurate, taking a –4 penalty on each shot. Each barrel of a double-barreled musket uses either a bullet and 1 dose of black powder or a single alchemical cartridge as ammunition. This is an early firearm.
Double-Barreled Pistol
Price 1,750 gp; Type early
This pistol has two parallel barrels; each barrel can be fired independently as a separate action, or both can be shot at once with the same action. If both barrels are shot at once, they must both target the same creature or object, and the pistol becomes wildly inaccurate, imposing a –4 penalty on each shot. This is an early firearm.
Double-Barreled Shotgun
Price 7,000 gp; Type advanced
This twin-barreled shotgun can be shot one barrel at a time, or both together as one attack. A double shot that fires bullets is inaccurate, and takes a –4 penalty on both attacks. A double shot that fires bullets targets only a single creature and increases the damage of each barrel to 2d6 points (Small) or 2d8 points (Medium) for a total of 4d6 or 4d8 points of damage. A double-barreled shotgun uses metal cartridges (loaded with either a bullet or pellets) as ammunition. This is an advanced firearm.
Dragon Pistol
Price 1,000 gp; Type early
Like a miniature blunderbuss, the dragon pistol fires pellets or a bullet from its flared barrel. The dragon pistol fires in a 15-foot cone when firing pellets, and has a 10-foot range increment when firing a bullet. A dragon pistol uses either a bullet or group of pellets and 1 dose of black powder, or a single alchemical cartridge (with either bullets or pellets) as ammunition. This is an early firearm.
Fire Lance
Price 25 gp; Type early
This primitive firearm is merely a long tube that, when ignited, propels forth a short gout of flame and a javelin. Unlike other firearms, the fire lance is wildly imprecise, and targets AC rather than touch AC. A fire lance is always treated as having the broken condition for the purpose of determining the effects of a misfire. A fire lance uses a javelin and 2 doses of black powder as ammunition. This is an early firearm.
Firearm Bullet
Price 1 gp; Type ammunition
The ammunition of most one-handed and two-handed firearms, firearm bullets typically take the form of small balls of lead or some other metal. Thirty bullets weigh half a pound.
Metal Cartridge
Price 15 gp; Type ammunition
These sturdier versions of alchemical cartridges serve as the ammunition for advanced firearms. They can hold either bullets or pellets.
Musket
Price 1,500 gp; Type early
This long-barreled firearm has a much greater range than a pistol. A musket uses either a bullet and 1 dose of black powder or a single alchemical cartridge as its ammunition. This is an early firearm.
Pellets
Price 1 gp; Type ammunition
A handful of pellets, along with 1 dose of black powder, is commonly used as ammunition for one-handed and two-handed firearms with the scatter weapon quality, though rocks or other small bits of hard material can be used in the pellets' place. Using anything other than pellets or alchemical cartridges when firing off a cone attack with a scatter weapon increases the weapon's misfire range by 1 (though this increase can be removed by switching back to standard ammunition). Thirty handfuls of pellets weigh half a pound.
Pepperbox
Price 3,000 gp; Type early
This pistol has six barrels instead of one. The entire barrel housing can be quickly rotated by hand between shots (a free action requiring one free hand), allowing all six bullets to be fired before the weapon must be reloaded. Each barrel of a pepperbox uses either a bullet and 1 dose of black powder or a single alchemical cartridge as ammunition. This is an early firearm.
Pepperbox Rifle
Price 7,000 gp; Type advanced
The four barrels of this rifle are set into a turnable housing that can be quickly rotated by hand (a free action) between shots. A pepperbox rifle uses metal cartridges as ammunition. This is an advanced firearm.
Pistol
Price 1,000 gp; Type early
The basic single-shot pistol is one of the most common firearms, although in most campaigns it is still rare enough to be an object of envy or curiosity to most. As such, it can take a variety of different forms, from wildly ornate masterpieces in the shape of fire-breathing dragons to the more common wood-handled pistols, or nothing more than a simple metal tube with a triggering device.

A pistol uses either a bullet and 1 dose of black powder or a single alchemical cartridge as ammunition. This is an early firearm.
Pitted Bullet
Price 5 gp; Type ammunition
This ammunition is pitted with a pattern of small pocks into which specially formulated poison compounds can be applied. A poison compound is a derivative of a standard toxin that is alchemically reduced to a solid form. These can be made from any standard injury or contact poison with a successful Craft (poison) check equal to the poison's DC + 4. The cost of purchasing an already prepared poison compound for the purpose of treating pitted bullets is equal to the poison's base cost + 20 gp. Once crafted, the compound can be pasted into the ammunition's pitted design and allowed to harden. Upon completion, the bullet can be fired from an appropriate firearm, releasing the poison compound into its target upon impact, but the poison's DC is reduced by 2. A pitted bullet cannot be used with an alchemical cartridge. The listed cost does not include the cost of poison.
Revolver
Price 4,000 gp; Type advanced
A revolver is a pistol with a revolving cylinder containing six chambers. Each chamber can hold a metal cartridge, and when one cartridge is fired, the cylinder automatically rotates (no extra hand or action required), readying the next chamber for firing. A revolver uses metal cartridges as ammunition. This is an advanced firearm.
Rifle
Price 5,000 gp; Type advanced
This improvement on the musket features a grooved barrel that imparts a twisting, spiral motion to the bullet as it exits, stabilizing it and preventing the end-over-end tumbling common to projectiles from simpler firearms. As a result, a rifle can fire significantly farther and with more accuracy than early long-bore firearms.

A rifle uses metal cartridges as ammunition. This is an advanced firearm.
Shotgun
Price 5,000 gp; Type advanced
This advanced version of the blunderbuss shoots in a 30-foot cone when firing pellets, and has a 20-foot range increment when firing a bullet (often called a slug). Shotguns can either be simple and functional, or art pieces in their own right, with engravings and inlay on the stocks and breeches. Those used by the upper class are often emblazoned with images of game animals, family crests, or elaborate maker's marks.

A shotgun uses metal cartridges (loaded with either a bullet or pellets) as ammunition. This is an advanced firearm.
Sword Cane Pistol
Price 775 gp; Type early
A combination weapon, this gun mixes a coat pistol with a sword cane. The sword cane pistol is considered a double weapon for the purpose of creating masterwork or magical versions of this weapon. The pistol attachment makes the nature of the weapon a little more difficult to hide. An observer must succeed at a DC 15 Perception check to realize that an undrawn sword cane pistol is a weapon rather than a simple walking stick; the DC decreases to 5 if the observer is able to handle the weapon. A sword cane pistol uses either a bullet and 1 dose of black powder or a single alchemical cartridge as ammunition. The sword part of the weapon must be drawn in order to load the pistol part of the weapon. This is an early firearm.
Warhammer Musket
Price 1,600 gp; Type early
This musket has a warhammer head at the end of its barrel, which allows it to be used as both a musket and a warhammer. It is considered a double weapon for the purposes of creating masterwork or magical versions of this weapon. If this firearm gains the broken condition, both the firearm component and the warhammer are considered broken. A warhammer musket uses either a bullet and 1 dose of black powder or a single alchemical cartridge as ammunition. This is an early firearm.